Scabies and features of its course in men
Scabies is a skin parasitic infectious disease characterized by skin lesions with the scabies mite, or itching (Sarcoptes scabiei). The pathogen mite is distinguishable to the naked eye (upon closer examination) as a dot, white or yellowish, no larger than a poppy seed.
The high contagiousness of scabies in humans is explained by the short period of time during which the scabies mite is able to invade human skin. This period of time is 15-20 minutes.
At night, the female tick gnaws passages in the skin, and in the first half of the day lays eggs. The life cycle of the scabies mite is 2-8 weeks. Then the causative agent of scabies dies and decomposes in the paved passages. Outside a person, a tick dies quickly enough. The activity of scabies mites at night contributes to a greater risk of infection of the whole family if one bed is used.
In this article we will look at how a mange looks like in a person, its symptoms and the first signs in the initial stage after infection with a tick. In addition, we will touch on the topic of how to treat scabies at home, and what medicines can cope with the disease as quickly and efficiently as possible.
How can you get scabies, and what is it?
Let's take a closer look at what it is. The causative agent of scabies in humans is a special scabies mite (a tiny insect that lives on the skin of a person), which easily tolerates low and high temperatures, is resistant to disinfection, and is hardy. Infection occurs in the process of personal contact with the patient, his things, in public places, sexually.
The female scabies mite acts as an infection carrier. Settling under the skin, she begins to make subcutaneous passages and lay eggs there. After a few days, the eggs turn into larvae. In this form, they will stay one and a half weeks, after which they turn into an adult.
The disease is extremely contagious, its incubation period lasts up to 14 days. A fleeting touch of the skin of a person affected by scabies is enough - and you can get infected, and the treatment of scabies is long and unpleasant.
Scabies: routes of infection
Scabies is a parasitic disease. The main reason for its development is infection with the tick Sarcoptes scabiei. The female is about 0.4 mm in size. The male is a little smaller. The main role in the spread of the disease belongs to females.
They make moves and lay eggs under the horny part of the epidermal layer of the skin. From the latter, in a couple of days, larvae appear, which in two weeks turn into an adult - an adult. Her lifespan is about 30 days.
Such a life span can only be in contact with the human body. In the external environment, the parasite can not live more than three days. When exposed to a temperature of 60 degrees, the tick dies within 1 hour. Instant death is observed from 100 degrees.
Allocate two ways of tick infection: pin and household. The first method occurs when in close contact with an infected person: with a handshake, through bedding, a towel. The second way occurs less frequently. It is mainly distributed in public places.
The horrors of modern scabies are erased symptoms
Less common today is typical scabies, the symptoms of which immediately identify a parasitic disease from allergic urticaria.
Therefore, people who sincerely believe that they are not contagious, involuntarily endanger the infecting ticks of their children, colleagues, neighbors.
Meanwhile, untimely detection and treatment of atypical types of scabies often leads to bad consequences: purulent pyoderma, neurodermatitis, microbial eczema. How to recognize a disease and get rid of it quickly?
In the course of the disease, several types of scabies are distinguished:
- this is the most common form of the disease, proceeds with pathognomic (unequivocal) signs of scabies.
Scabies without moves
- a characteristic feature of this form of the disease is the absence of the main symptom - scabies. Instead, there are vesicles about 2–3 mm in circumference. This type of disease occurs in those people who have had contact with the patient, but the infection did not occur with adult ticks, but with their larvae.
- this form of the disease is characteristic of people who have a habit of washing frequently, or there is a need for frequent washing by type of work. This type of scabies proceeds in the same way as the typical form, but the symptoms are less pronounced due to the mechanical removal of most of the ticks.
- the most severe and especially contagious form of the disease. Up to a million adult ticks parasitize on the patient’s skin, while with normal scabies their number does not exceed 15-20 individuals. It resembles psoriasis-like dermatitis in its appearance, skin hyperkeratosis (proliferation of the upper layer of the epidermis) is pronounced, and itching is absent. It is often diagnosed in people with weakened body defenses (HIV-infected, tuberculosis patients), as well as people with mental illness and drug addicts.
- characterized by the formation of bluish or brown hardenings on the skin, which reach 2-20 mm in diameter and persist for several weeks even after treatment. Ticks in nodules are absent.
- this form of the disease is inherent in persons whose infection has occurred not from humans, but from animals. The main symptom is severe itching and the absence of scabies. This form is self-healing after a person has stopped contact with an infected animal.
- this is a form of typical scabies that has not been treated, characterized by the addition of a secondary infection.
What is a scabies mite?
The itch that lives inside the skin of mammals is called the scabies mite. Arthropod, with a length of 0.23 mm to 0.45 mm and a width of not more than 0.14 mm, has a proboscis and 4 pairs of short jointed legs. The female tick, having settled in the upper layer of the epidermis, begins to develop a special secret that helps it move and make moves.
When passing through the stratum corneum, it lays from 10 to 20 eggs, from which larvae appear after a few days. Adult individuals, which number under the skin of a person 20–25 pcs, live no more than 1–2 months. Ticks love a comfortable temperature, above + 20˚С.
At temperatures below 0˚ and above + 60˚С they die. A man’s itch mite (photo can be found in the medical encyclopedia) is most active at night.
In the first half of the night, the females gnaw at the passages in which they lay their eggs, and in the second - they move on while eating blood. By morning, they freeze until the next night activation. That is why at night a severe itch appears, which bothers the tick carrier. Since tick-borne females act synchronously, the itching becomes intolerable.
Causes of scabies in the groin
When itching occurs in the inguinal region, there is a risk of many diseases: sexually transmitted, viral and fungal infections. But if the patient is infected with scabies, an experienced doctor can easily determine this by symptoms.
The reason for the infection of the scabies in the groin remains the same as the causes of infection in other parts of the skin - the infection with the scabies mite from another person and the objects that he was holding.
It is important to consider that people cannot get infected from animals because of the device of the mouth of an animal tick, it cannot gnaw through human skin and causes only temporary slight itching and redness.
Scabies mites have their maximum and minimum temperature limits, but even at an optimum temperature for them in the external environment, they can live no more than two days. Afraid of contracting scabies in places where few people (parks, forests, lakes) are not worth it.
There are much more ticks where there are more people, that is, in public places - shops, shopping centers, swimming pools, schools, kindergartens, at work. In most cases, the tick is transmitted by shaking hands, hugs, accidental touching with people in public places, that is, bodily contact.
Contact with clothes, shoes, things infected, door handles in public places, stair railing, personal hygiene items by strangers leads to infection.
The highest risk of contracting scabies in a permanent team of people, at work, in a dormitory, in a family. One person becomes a source of infection for all people. In the family, the use of one towel, personal hygiene items, clothing, shoes, sleeping in the same bed will most likely lead to infection with scabies. Once used is not enough to transmit itching, but with each contact the risk is higher.
They are infected with scabies in the groin in men and women and other areas of the skin, often through sexual contact. People, their genitals and mucous membranes are in constant contact, and the duration of contact leads to infection. Protected sex will not help with the transmission of scabies.
Note the first signs of scabies, which determine this ailment. If this symptomatology was detected, any dermatologist with one hundred percent certainty will establish an accurate diagnosis:
The appearance of scabies - they look like a small whitish strip up to 1 cm long. Most often, the channels laid by ticks are located on the stomach, buttocks, feet, in the armpit, on the palms and in the folds of the elbow. Disturbing itching, worse at night. This is due to the increased activity of the female in the evening. Rashes and characteristic itching appeared in other family members after direct contact with an infected person.
In children, scabies proceeds in a much more severe form than in adults. When diagnosed with scabies, treating a child often involves removing parasites from all parts of the skin, including the face and scalp.
Symptoms and course of the disease
The first sign of the development of the disease is due to the penetration of the scabies mite into the skin. After the female got on the skin, she is attached to them with special suction cups. Then she gnaws on the epidermis and lays eggs.
The stages of scabies are divided into the incubation period and the acute course. The latent period of the disease averages 2 weeks. The first symptoms are determined by how quickly the reproduction of pathogenic organisms occurs, and their spread throughout the skin layer. Among them emit:
- itchingthat gets stronger at night - the active time of the itch mite,
- the appearance of paired nodular vesiculate rashes.
In men, in addition to damage to the space between the fingers, the abdomen, traces of the activity of the parasite can be detected on the genitals. Also, signs of the development of the disease are detected on the elbow bends, buttocks. The place of distribution is largely determined by the place of primary localization of the parasite.
There are several varieties of the disease. The clinical picture and severity differs depending on the type. Types of disease classified into the following:
- Typical scabies characterized by vivid symptoms. In men, they are manifested in the presence of tick movement, severe itching, the appearance of a rash in the genital area, inguinal region.
- Norwegian scabies is rare. Cases of infection were detected in males whose immunity was weakened, for example, during the course of chemotherapy or in the presence of serious diseases. Scabies can develop in the presence of pathologies such as cancer, AIDS, endocrine disorders.
- Tick-borne dermatitis. Occurs in close contact with infected animals. After the termination of communication, the disease goes away on its own.
- Asymptomatic scabies occurs in people who are characterized by cleanliness. This type of disease is characterized by the absence of a vivid clinical picture. This is due to the high level of immunity and compliance with hygiene rules. A variety of scabies is dangerous complications that greatly complicate the life of the sick.
- Nodular scabies characterized by the occurrence of skin seals in the groin, nipples, abdomen. They bother the man with a severe itch. The color of the seals can be from dark yellow to pink.
Parasitic skin disease - scabies
This is an extremely contagious disease that occurs when a person is infected with microscopic (up to 0.4 mm) ticks by itching.
- Females of parasites choose habitats on the body, where the skin is softer, gnaw through its powerful jaws.
- In the tunnels, along the way, they lay eggs, from which numerous gluttonous offspring that feed on the epidermis hatch immediately.
As a result of the life of parasites, a person develops an acute allergic skin reaction: a rash in the form of paired vesicles, blisters, unbearable itching, worse by night (time of tick activation).
Features of the life cycle of scabies mite
The clinical manifestations of the disease are caused by the manifestation of the life cycle of scabies mites, so it is worthwhile to dwell on it in detail.
An adult female scabies mite about 1/3 mm in size. Their photo is presented on the right. Males are approximately 1.5 times smaller and have no significance in the clinical picture of the manifestation of the disease.
Like all insects, scabies mites pass through their larval and adult stages in their development. After fertilization, the female is introduced into the surface of the skin (epidermis). Feeding on the epidermis, it moves, making moves in it, where, in addition to the products of its vital activity, it leaves eggs. In one intraepidermal course, 3-4 fertilized eggs can be identified at different stages of development. Females make holes above the masonry site to facilitate the release of offspring to the skin surface. On the skin, the larvae, spreading around, penetrate into the hair follicles (hair roots), under keratinizing skin scales, into various elements of the rash (especially vesiculate). There they undergo transformation, bypassing the intermediate stages, immediately into adult sexually mature mites. Mating takes place on the human skin, after which the females penetrate the epidermis, and the males are peeled off when combed, separated with microflakes of the skin and die. The average life span of a female is 6–8 weeks, during which she lays about 60 eggs. It is estimated that the potential breeding of adult ticks from one female in three months can be up to 150 million individuals.
Removed from the skin, in an environment at room temperature, scabies mites can remain viable for about a week. Under less favorable conditions, the females live for about three days, and the larvae for about two.
Infection of a healthy person is carried out in close contact with the patient or indirectly through his things (combs, washcloths, towels, etc.).
Types of scabies mites
The itch mite can live anywhere in the human body, but the most favorite places are:
- between your fingers
- in the folds of the wrist, elbow or knee,
- at the waist
- on the chest
- neck, palms, soles of feet.
The disease spreads from one type of tick - Sarcoptes scabiei, but has different types:
- Typical scabies. Rashes appear on the wrists, hands, and other places besides the face and head.
- Nodal It appears in the groin, armpits, genitals.
- Infantile scabies. More common in young children, in the arms, legs, face and head.
Another type is complex scabies, complicated by other skin rashes, such as dermatitis, urticaria, or impetigo.
Less common is Norwegian scabies, a rare clinical form in which there are up to a million individuals in the human epidermis. It refers to atypical diseases, affects people with low immunity, weakened by the opposition of the body and mental illness.
The signs of Norwegian scabies are pronounced, while the general condition of the person is disturbed, lymph nodes increase, fever develops. Tick-borne passages are visible between the fingers, on the wrists, elbows, in women it often appears on the chest, in men in the scrotum.
Norwegian scabies easily spreads through direct contact of an infected person with healthy people or from things, underwear, furniture, clothes that a sick person has come into contact with.
Symptoms of scabies in the groin
When a foreign body, a tick, enters the body, it reacts with a rash and itching.
This happens as follows: at the end of each scabies, the tick lays eggs. When the itch larvae get out of the eggs, the shell remains in place, decomposes and pus forms. The inflammatory process is accompanied by an increase in temperature, and gnawing by skin mites causes itching and burning.
Symptoms differ depending on the type of scabies, but the main symptoms are as follows:
- The rash is redness on the skin, small red spots. A rash is an organism’s reaction to a tick, so it appears in places of its habitat and decomposition of its waste products (around scabies, entry sites, egg-laying). Without treatment, the chronic stage of the disease develops, with it, bubbles with liquid form on the spots. A rash in the inguinal zone can cause a lot of aesthetic discomfort.
- Itching is one of the most unpleasant symptoms of scabies, especially scabies in the groin. It causes a lot of inconvenience, amplifies at night and is almost absent during the day. Combing can lead to the introduction of a secondary infection and the development of dermatitis, so treatment should be comprehensive.
- Scabies are characteristic of scabies, it is for them that doctors easily make a diagnosis. In scabies without strokes, they are completely absent, this is due to infection not by an adult, but by a tick larva. The maximum length of the itch course is one centimeter, upon examination, you can see how they are raised above the entire skin and differ from it in color (lighter). Strokes are a symbol of the presence of a tick, to which the body reacts in the form of a rash.
With any appearance of a foreign body, accompanied by inflammatory processes, the temperature rises, the general condition of a person worsens. An allergic reaction appears in the form of redness, headache and sometimes a runny nose. In places of accumulation of ticks, itching is especially severe. Weakness, insomnia and other sleep disturbances are observed due to increased itching at night (itching is most active at this time).
The body responds to the tick instantly, so an allergic reaction (rash and itching) appear immediately, and the remaining symptoms after a while (up to a month). Time depends on personal factors, including health, immunity, personal hygiene, age, etc.
Favorite areas of localization of ticks are the skin areas of the lateral surfaces of the fingers, inside the bends of the hands (feet), on the wrists, lower abdomen, in the genital areas. Starting to itch, a person involuntarily spreads ticks under the nails throughout his body.
Differences in incubation time range from 40 minutes. up to 10 days, so immediately it is impossible to visually determine the infection with scabies.
Ways of transmission of itchs: contact-household, sexual.
Among the priority diagnostic measures to detect scabies, the detection of scabies is highlighted. When examined by a doctor to confirm the diagnosis, the skin of a man is stained with iodine solution. The dye allows you to see the presence of the parasite. In some cases, a photo or video dermatoscope is used.
Another diagnostic method is scraping using a 40% lactic acid solution. This substance loosens the upper part of the epidermal layer. This allows you to accurately collect material for research under a microscope.
How can I get infected?
Scabies infection almost always occurs with prolonged direct skin-skin contact. Sexual transmission predominates. Children often become infected when they sleep in the same bed with sick parents. In crowded groups, other direct skin contacts are also implemented (contact sports, fussing of children, frequent and strong handshakes, etc.). Although a number of guidelines continue to reproduce outdated information about the transmission of scabies through household items (household items, bedding, etc.), experts agree that such a route of infection is extremely unlikely. An exception is cases of Norwegian scabies, when up to several million ticks live on the patient's body (in typical cases, it is 10-20 ticks).
A key experiment, which proved that direct contact with the patient’s skin plays a dominant role in scabies transmission, was performed in 1940 in the UK under the supervision of Mellanby. Out of 272 attempts to infect volunteers by putting them to bed, with which patients with severe scabies just got up, only 4 attempts led to the disease.
Such features of the transmission of parasitosis are explained by the following data on its biology:
- the scabies mite is inactive during the day, the females get to the surface only in the late evening and at night,
- the tick needs about 30 minutes to penetrate the skin of the host,
- in the external environment, the tick quickly dies (at 21 ° C and a humidity of 40-80%, the parasite dies after 24-36 hours), the warmer and drier, the faster the mite loses its activity even earlier ..
Currently, more and more manuals and medical reviews include scabies along with phthiasis in the list of sexually transmitted diseases, although for the transmission of these parasitoses it is not so much the coitus itself that matters, but how long the bodies touch in bed.
Stages and degrees of scabies mites
A man’s itch mite (photo below), like the disease itself, develops in stages.
- The first stage is incubation. It lasts from 1 to 6 weeks, when the tick penetrates the skin and begins to multiply.
- The second stage is the longest. At this time, a complete clinical picture appears, when you can see the entire degree of infection. With active treatment, the disease lasts no more than 1 week. In the absence of treatment, complications arose, the disease stretches for several months or years.
- The third stage is the recovery period. With proper, timely therapy, ticks die, and human skin takes on a healthy look.
Scabies in the groin in men
In men, itching appears mainly due to neglect of the rules of intimate hygiene. Dirt and sweat lead to inflammation, it causes itching and burning.
Urine becomes a strong irritant, after itching appears itching, burning, skin clotting, sometimes redness. When using underwear made of low-quality fabric, the same symptoms are possible.
If the cause of itching is a scabies mite, then scabies in the groin in men is localized in the scrotum and pubis, at night, when the itching intensifies, the affected area turns red, swells, symptoms are expressed.
The rash is formed on the penis, pubis, scrotum, head and foreskin, buttocks.
Reasons for the appearance and route of infection
As a rule, many people believe that the scabies mite inhabits exclusively those people who are considered as antisocial elements that do not adhere to basic hygiene standards. This is partly true, but sometimes children and adults who are well-off families who have cleanliness and order in the apartment become infected.
Scabies can be picked up:
- In a kindergarten or school.
- From their family members.
- In conditions of communication with an outsider, already infected with a scabies mite.
How can you get scabies: degree of infection for humans
According to statistical studies, children from 7 to 17 years old (53%) are most often sick. Further adults (37%). Less commonly, children from 1 to 7 (5%).
WHO infection data:
- At sexual intercourse - 40%.
- Through handshakes, close hugs - 40%.
- As a result of the transmission of ticks through linen, toys, household items, door handles, bath accessories - 15%.
- Through money -3%.
- After stroking the hairs of other kittens, other animals, which unwittingly become mite carriers of -2%.
Therapy of a parasitic disease is carried out with sulfuric ointment, Ivermectin, Spregal, Benzyl benzoate. Getting rid of scabies is based on strict rules. These include the following procedures:
- Mandatory change of all bedding, underwear, towels after treatment,
- applying the drug in the evening, it is on the skin, it should be about 12 hours,
- cut your nails short
- Follow all doctor's recommendations.
- to control all persons in the risk zone.
Symptoms of scabies mites
Primary symptoms appear a week after infection, or even later.
The main symptoms are:
- Severe itching at night.
- Detection of tick-borne passages on the skin. Unlike allergic itching, when combing, you can see oblong stripes, scabies. These are tunnels under dead skin in which the female lays eggs. At the end of the tunnel are papules in which a tick is visible under a microscope.
- The appearance of small pimples or pus-filled vesicles.
- The appearance of ulcers and pus with a strong combing of the affected areas.
- In some cases, fever, insomnia occurs.
Some typical symptoms are the names of the scientists who discovered them:
- symptom of Ardi-Gorchakov, called the names of dermatologists, is characterized by the presence of pinpoint abscesses on the elbows,
- Michaelis symptom, expressed by rashes of blood crusts in the intergluteal folds.
A man’s scabies mite (photos are well conveyed by the elevated lines of strokes), its signs are especially clearly visible on the hands. This is the most typical place where ticks develop, because through the hands there is initial contact with infected objects.
Between the fingers, on the lateral surface of the hands you can see whitish lines towering above the skin. They are straight, curved, no more than 10 mm long. A black dot is visible at the end of the lines, this is the so-called ventilation shaft, which the female did.
As the tick spreads, bubbles, nodules, with a diameter of up to 3 mm, appear on the surface of the skin. The skin acquires a hemorrhagic crust. With Norwegian scabies, the face and neck are affected, where thick gray crusts up to 3 cm thick appear, on which ulcers appear. Often, scabies symptoms are confused with allergic symptoms.
This leads to a delay in treatment, which is fraught with the appearance of secondary infections.
Scabies should be distinguished from other skin irritations:
- pseudo scabiescaused by scabies mites, which do not penetrate the epidermis and are not exposed to other people,
- neurodermatitis, a chronic atypical disease in which the skin is affected and itching occurs,
- pruritus or urticaria, a type of allergic itch,
- eczemachronic skin disease
- toxidermia, an inflammatory skin disease that occurs in response to a strong allergen entering the body.
The main signs of the appearance of scabies mite
The appearance of scabies can be determined by the following signs:
- Itching on the skin appears throughout the day, and at night it intensifies. If the infection is the first, then serious discomfort begins to appear somewhere, after a month, and if this is a relapse, then on the second day.
- In places of itching, dry cracks and itchy blisters can be considered. So the epidermis reacts to the waste products of parasites.
- In the comb zones, blood crusts appear. As a rule, these are areas of the elbows and fingers, especially on their bends.
- The presence of subcutaneous passages that are located in the upper layer of the epidermis. They can be distinguished by twisting lines, milky white in color, with a faint flesh tint. At the end of each turn, you can see the papule.
- The symptom of Michaelis is a special type of rash, which manifests itself in the form of a blood crust located in the gluteal fold.
- Quite often, against the background of scabies, dermatitis and pyoderma develop.
The main areas affected by scabies mite:
- Both men and women are affected by the front of the abdomen, buttocks, feet, membrane between the fingers, as well as folds in the groin area.
- In children, these are mainly armpits, face and elbow bends.
- In women, the scabies mite settles under the mammary glands, especially in the presence of excess weight.
There are several types of scabies:
- Typical scabies, with the above symptoms.
- Clean scabies, which manifests itself with frequent adoption of water procedures. Has mild symptoms.
- Scabies without scabies. It manifests itself when the epidermis is infected with parasite larvae. Instead of subcutaneous tunnels, itchy red blisters are visible on the skin.
- Pseudochondria is a kind of allergic reaction to communication with wild or domestic animals. When a person stops caring and stroking animals, blisters and itching pass.
- Norwegian scabies. This variety is manifested in people with weak immunity. It manifests itself in the form of rashes throughout the body and is characterized by constant severe itching.
- Complicated scabies. This form of the disease is characteristic of those cases when typical scabies has not been completely cured and re-infection has occurred. It is characterized by intolerable itching, and wet blisters appear on the skin, followed by inflammation of the skin.
What is the danger of a zoot
Due to the fact that the parasite settles under the skin, the sensations are so unpleasant that it is difficult to convey in words. Unfortunately, itching and irritation, this is not all the troubles that await a person. As a result of the vital activity of the scabies mite, the following consequences are possible:
- In the process of introducing parasites under the skin, the integrity of the epidermis is violated, which helps to reduce resistance against fungal and other diseases.
- Since ticks constantly move and drill the next moves, a person experiences severe irritation, which is not easy to endure. As a result, a person is not able to go about his own business, and you should not even talk about a quiet sleep, as parasites activate at night.
- Wastes of vital activity without much effort enter the bloodstream and are carried throughout the human body. If a person has weakened immunity, then his condition noticeably worsens.
- By infecting another person, ticks are able to transmit part of the diseases that the previous person had.
Treatments for scabies
As a rule, if scabies is found in one family member, then almost all family members have to be treated, since ticks can easily be moved to a “fresh” object. A professional approach to treatment in combination with preventive measures prevent re-infection.
The treatment includes:
- Measures to identify the causes of scabies mites.
- Taking measures to destroy parasites.
- Providing assistance to the victim in order to relieve him of painful sensations.
- Taking measures to prevent the spread of parasites.
The main actions are:
- From identifying the focus of infection.
- From the definition of the circle of patients who were in contact with the patient.
- From sanitization of premises and clothes.
- From therapeutic methods, including the use of special ointments that destroy parasites.
- From a complex of preventive measures.
On a note! Scabies is considered a serious contagious disease requiring immediate treatment. Self-medication or refusal of treatment by specialists can lead to unpredictable consequences. As a rule, in such cases, all family members, as well as acquaintances or friends, suffer. Infected people should remember others in order not to infect them with a dangerous disease.
Effective anti-scab drugs include substances such as permethrin, sulfur, and benzyl benzoate. Already on the 5th or 6th day, a positive result from the use of such drugs is noticeable. In cases of neglect, the cure period increases
The main drugs used against scabies mite:
- Means "Medifoks", which consists of the active substance permethrin. The substance is not highly toxic to humans. The drug is used on the second and fourth day of the treatment course. Sometimes one treatment is enough to cope with parasites that are at any stage of development. Medifox is used for the most complex forms of the course of scabies.
- Sulfur ointment is a traditional remedy. The ointment is rubbed into the affected areas at night. A similar procedure is repeated every day for 5 days. For adults, the use of 10-20% sulfuric ointment is sufficient, and for children - 5%. Higher concentrations of the ointment are not used, as this leads to irritation of the skin.
- Means "Spregal". This effective drug can be used to treat both adults and children. Affected areas are treated 1 time per day, after which you can not take a bath or shower for 12 hours. If after the first application of the substance it was not possible to cope with parasites, then re-use is possible. In the head area, the drug is not used. As a preventive measure, the composition is applied on the 2nd and 4th day of treatment.
- Emulsion of benzyl benzoate in the form of an aqueous soap solution. The drug with high efficiency acts on adults, but can not cope with the larvae during the first treatment. Therefore, re-treatment in the evening is needed. When applying the solution, you need to carefully treat the fingers, hands, soles and other affected areas. This must be done 2 times, with an interval of 10 minutes. If the skin is sensitive enough, irritation may occur. As a rule, this happens in children.
On a note! An effective antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agent is Zinc Ointment. It is used to relieve itching and inflammation of the affected areas. Unfortunately, this ointment does not kill ticks, therefore, it can not be used as the main therapeutic agent.
How to apply ointments
Ointments that are used to treat scabies require proper use. For instance:
- The ointment is applied not only to those areas that are affected by a tick, but also to areas located nearby.
- The use of folk remedies, which reduce the degree of discomfort, as essential drugs is unacceptable. It is impossible to reduce the level of negative sensations without destroying the scabies mite, as this can be misleading both the victim and the doctor, complicating the whole course of the disease.
- It must be remembered that with the destruction of parasites, the feeling of discomfort intensifies. To get rid of this, it is enough to drink pills for allergies, such as Cetrin, Claritin, Suprastin, Fexofenadine.
- After applying ointments, the substance should remain on the skin for up to 12 hours. For children, this period lasts no more than 6 hours.
- On the scalp, ointment is applied to children under the age of 3 years. Older victims do not need this treatment.
- The use of any formulations for the treatment of scabies should be carried out only under the supervision of a dermatologist. The doctor must make sure that all parasites die and that there are no side effects from the drugs used. Independent purchase and use of such means of combating scabies mite is unacceptable.
- In order for the ointment to work at 100%, it is rubbed with the fingers of the hands, without using a fleece, sponge or bandage, especially in the evening.
- If the victim lives in a family, preventive measures are applied to all family members, as they contacted the patient.
If you ignore the rules for the use of anti-scab ointments, the effect may be minimal. Some products have an irritating effect. Therefore, areas of the body where the skin is thin are treated very carefully, otherwise side effects are possible.
If one of the family members “picked up” scabies, then the rest of the family should know what needs to be done to protect themselves from this ailment. It is important to know that scabies is a contagious disease.
What can be done so as not to get sick:
- The patient should have separate dishes, a towel and other toiletries.
- All items must be washed thoroughly at high temperature, as well as ironed on both sides.
- Disinfect throughout the room.
- Every day you need to carry out wet cleaning using antiseptic compounds.
- It is better to steal sleeping accessories, such as blankets, pillows, a feather-bed, to take out in the cold or in the sun.
- The patient should sleep on a separate bed, while bedding needs to be changed every day, washing it and ironing with a hot iron.
- Ticks that are outside the human body can survive no more than 5 days.
If you take this problem seriously, handling all things properly, then the parasites will die. At the first suspicion of scabies, you should immediately consult a doctor. The sooner this is done, the lower the risk of infection to others. If everything is done correctly, following the recommendations of doctors, the tick will disappear within 6 days at most. At the same time, everything must be done so that all parasites die and re-infection does not occur. With repeated infection, the course of the disease can be complicated.
Symptoms of scabies in humans
The very first symptoms of scabies in humans:
- Rash in adults and children, localized in different areas and intensifying at night. This is due to the fact that it is at night that females are active in terms of their vital functions.
- The formation of noticeable moves of the itch nature.
- Polymorphism is characterized by the formation of papules and vesicles, which become covered with a crust of the hemorrhagic plan.
- Favorite places of infection are the abdomen, the folds between the fingers, the lateral areas, the hips and buttocks, in women - on the chest, in men - in the inguinal part. A rash on the hands becomes especially noticeable.
- Red spots form on the body during the disease, always itchy, they are “covered”, “surrounded” by lines that have an unattractive gray tone.
From the moment of infection to the appearance of the first signs of scabies, less than a day can pass, sometimes a week or more. The incubation period of the disease can be different. It is determined sometimes the year, the number of parasites that have fallen on the skin.
- The main symptom of the initial stage is itching. Its intensity is increasing. This symptom becomes especially strong in the evening and at night. This can be explained by an increase in the activity of the pathogen by the end of the day.
- The presence of itch moves. Scabies are a few towering straight or curved white, gray lines on the skin, less than one centimeter long. At the blind end of the course, a bubble is visualized in which the female tick is located. Often passages appear in those areas of the skin where the stratum corneum has the greatest thickness.
- The waste products of the scabies mite cause an allergic reaction, manifested by skin rashes (papules, vesicles). Because of the itching, a person combs the elements of the rash, on the site of which erosions appear, and then bloody crusts. Dotted blood crusts in the ulnar region are called the Gorchakov symptom.
Typical places for a rash with scabies:
- almost all have interdigital spaces and lateral surfaces of the fingers,
- 50% - the area of the wrist joints,
- 50% of men have genitals,
- 25% have feet
- 20% - the body,
- 17% have arms and legs (with the exception of the hands and feet),
- 10% of women have mammary glands.
And also: the flexion folds of the forearms and shoulders, buttocks, hips and popliteal hollows.
A typical scabies rash is small nodules of a red hue, over time turning into small vesicles that will soon open, leaving behind a bloody or purulent crust.
This is an erased form of the disease that occurs in people who have normal immunoreactivity, as a result of which there is no allergic reaction to the presence of ticks.
Increased attention to personal hygiene, when people take a shower several times a day and change underwear and bed linen, also contribute to the erasure of clinical manifestations with scabies. It is characterized by single rashes on the chest and around the navel, which practically do not macerate and do not cause discomfort, only at night itching is noted.
The appearance of hemorrhagic crusts is possible.
Causes of the development of scabies mites
The main reason for the development of the disease is a tick that lives in the upper layers of the epidermis and feeds on the skin. Infection occurs with the help of females who, after fertilization, move under the skin in search of new places of nutrition.
The figure shows how a mange mite appears on a person’s skin.
Males die after mating, and females, laying eggs in dug channels, again rise to the surface of the skin for mating. At this point, infection occurs. Mites themselves do not cause much harm, but their feces, saliva, and the remains of the membrane irritate the skin, cause itching and show signs of scabies.
Scabies in the groin in women
Symptoms of female scabies are no different from male. Scabies in the groin in women appears between the legs on the labia, characterized by nightly itching, redness and the formation of scabies.
Diagnosis can be difficult, as itching in women appears in many diseases, for example, pediculosis, vaginosis, sexually transmitted diseases, wearing synthetic underwear, neglecting personal hygiene of the genitals.
Typical form: what it looks like
What visual signs can identify:
- On the surface of the skin there are subtle grayish-white slightly winding short strips of internal tunnels gnawed by ticks.
- Along them appear elements of a rash (red vesicles), usually paired.
- Acne and blisters are located on the interdigital spaces, wrists, intimate areas, abdomen, under the breast (in women, children), armpits.
- Papules and blisters constantly itch, and at night the intensity of itching increases.
After combing the vesicles, crusts form on them, under which not only ticks live, but also numerous pathogenic bacteria concentrate.
Nodular (aka nodular) scabies
With this form of scabies, rounded and severely itchy seals appear on the skin of the inguinal region, near the nipples, on the abdomen and hips of a man. Fresh seals show scabby passages on the surface. Their size can reach 2 cm, and the color varies from pink to tan. These seals are often not numerous, and are often the only symptom of tick-borne damage.
With timely and proper treatment, the parasite is disposed of quickly and without consequences. The average treatment period is two weeks. In exceptional cases, it may be delayed. Among the consequences of infection, the development of dermatitis, urticaria is highlighted. Subject to all the rules for the prevention of re-infection does not occur.
It was named in this way because it was first described in Norway in patients with leprosy (leprosy) in the middle of the 19th century.
This is the most contagious and malignant in its course form of scabies. It occurs in people with persistent background suppression of the immune system for various reasons. For example, after undergoing chemotherapy for cancer, during hormone therapy of some severe diseases with corticosteroids. Severe Down Syndrome HIV-infected people are at risk. Violations of skin sensitivity observed with paralysis of various etiologies, some other diseases, congenital features of keratinization of the skin can also contribute to the transition of the classical form of scabies to Norwegian.
- A variety of rash elements that have a drainage character, from spots to blisters, the presence of ulcerated cracks in the skin.
- The appearance of crusts of various shades of yellow and brown. Growing in thickness and merging, they can form a kind of "shell" over parts of the body.
- In the crusts, when they are studied, a huge number of ticks are revealed at different stages of their life cycle. Sometimes, their number reaches 200 per cm².
- You can identify the parasite on the nail plates, which under the influence of the fungal flora also thicken and become loose, comfortable for the mite to live and the development of its offspring.
- Attachment to the described picture of extensive pustular skin lesions, furunculosis, due to the attachment of a secondary infection.
- A prolonged rise in temperature is observed.
Appears in people who carefully monitor body hygiene: often wash their hands, take baths, showers daily.
Due to the fact that there is a constant mechanical removal of ticks from the skin with soap and water, the signs of scabies are usually erased:
- The rasal vesicles are rarely located and are hardly visible, or instead of them only red spots.
- There may not be a twist on moves, but if there is, then they are single.
- There are few crusts and scratches from combing.
- Localization - in the area of the navel, between the fingers, on the chest.
- Itching in the daytime is not very pronounced, but worsens at night.
The nodular form of scabies develops as a result of the most pronounced reaction of the body to the vital products of the parasite. In response to the formation of toxic substances, the immune system responds with allergic manifestations: the appearance of a red rash in the form of nodules and intense itching.
- Nodules are located directly above the scabby passages and, when combed, are covered with rough, dry crusts.
- Round nodules reach a diameter of 20 mm, they are few in number and are located in the inguinal zone, on the inner surface of the thighs, in the armpits, on the buttocks or on the chest.
In the process of treating scabies, a major role is given to preventive measures. These include the following activities:
- isolation of an infected person from society,
- disinfection of the patient’s personal belongings and processing of those items with which he was in contact (boiling with washing powder for 15 minutes, airing on the street for 7 days),
- timely hygiene procedures,
Scabies is an unpleasant disease, not only for the sick person, but also for his environment. Everyone can get infected. Therefore, special importance is attached to preventive measures and timely treatment when the first signs are detected.
On the surface of the skin are formed:
- A rash of a nodular appearance is small with a gray exudate, covered after combing with dense dark scabs.
- Red-cyanotic large papules and spots, blisters, on top of which passages of itching are visually noticeable.
- All neoplasms are terribly itchy at night.
Ignoring patients with normal treatment threatens with scabious purulent pyoderma.
Aerosol preparations for the treatment of scabies are simpler to use and their volume is sufficient to treat the patient and contact persons. Reviews of people about scabies disease claim that it is quite effectively treated with Spregal aerosol.It is sprayed 20-30 cm from the skin, leaving no free areas, after 12 hours, the body and the epidigital are sanitized. One application is enough, but with complicated forms of scabies, the procedure is recommended to be repeated.
The danger of Norwegian scabies (cortical) is an increase in the general intoxication of the body due to the vital activity of an incredibly large number of itching.
- Numerous elements of the rash merge together.
- Their surface is a dense, dry brown shell or purulent solid mash.
- Inside this massif, which has grown on the skin, there is a multi-layered (deep into the epidermis) layering of itch passages containing itchy eggs.
- In humans, lymph nodes increase.
- Itching may be minor (due to a decrease in the sensitivity of neuroreceptors due to their extensive lesion).
- The number of ticks sometimes reaches 1 cm of skin more than 150 pcs.
Fortunately, this form in modern society is developing very rarely, since today doctors have many methods for detecting scabies.
An effective, inexpensive and potent remedy for scabies. The duration of therapy is determined by the doctor depending on the severity of the disease. The minimum course is 2-3 days, on the recommendation of a dermatologist, repeat the treatment.
Children need 10% of the drug, adults need 20% ointment. Before applying the product, wash well, put on clean linen. Before using the ointment, you should know that it causes a very strong burning of the skin for 10-15 minutes, so do not apply too much at a time.
During pregnancy and lactation, the use of benzyl benzoate is prohibited.
Sulfur ointment (5-10%).
Currently, it is no longer used in developed countries due to unpleasant odors, staining of clothes, irritating effects on the skin and mucous membranes, percutaneous absorption with potential effects on the kidneys. However, in Africa and the poorest countries of the South. America’s sulfur ointment is still used due to its low cost.
Sulfur ointment is still prescribed in Russia, Ukraine and Belarus. Directions for use: adults 20% concentration, children 10%, ointment is rubbed over the entire skin daily at night for 5-7 days. On the sixth or eighth day, the patient washes and changes underwear and bedding.
How do you determine if you have scabies? My girlfriend has a sister whose child allegedly fell ill with scabies, I can’t sleep peacefully now because it seems to me that I got angry with them. Some kind of blisters began to appear on my stomach and head. The hospital says it's an allergy.
Benzyl benzoate really works very well against scabies. And it is an emulsion, not an ointment. If you follow the scheme in the instructions, it helps in just a few days, which is checked by the whole family.
How to treat scabies with medicines
To eliminate the disease, it is primarily recommended that the skin be treated externally according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor with antiparasitic drugs.
Before the first spreading procedure, it is necessary to thoroughly wash all areas of the body with hot water and soap and completely dry. This will reduce the number of parasites and improve the penetration of drugs deep into the epidermis.
Treatments for scabies mites
A man’s scabies mite (photos of medicines are presented below) does not disappear by itself. You can get rid of it only with the help of prescription drugs that kill ticks. For treatment, modern means are used - acaricides, with the help of which the healing process is accelerated to 1-3 days.
Properly conducted treatment includes:
- Simultaneous treatment of all patients registered in one lesion focus.
- For children under 3 years of age, anti-scab drugs are rubbed over the entire body, including the head.
- For better intake of the drug into the scabies, ointment coating is carried out only by hand.
- To reduce night itching, treatment is best done in the evenings.
- Before applying the ointment, you should take a hot shower with soap and a washcloth to remove the secretion of the sebaceous glands, loosening the epidermis. If there are signs of secondary pyoderma, showering is not recommended.
- During the treatment period, you can wash every day, but provided that the ointments and sprays must be at least 12 hours on the surface of the skin.
- At the end of the course of treatment, a follow-up examination should be carried out, first after 3 days, and then after 2 weeks.
Medifox (gel), Russia
To get rid of scabies, a single skin treatment is also sufficient.
The active ingredient is permethrin.
- The skin is treated at night.
- Wash off the gel in the morning (the time of mandatory contact of ticks with the drug is at least 12 hours).
- Contraindications: the age of the baby is up to 6 months, the time of feeding the baby.
- Caution during pregnancy.
Instead of gel in the pharmacy often offer emulsions Medifoks. To eliminate scabies, dilute it to a concentration of 0.4% according to the instructions.
Due to strong scratching, bacterial infection of the primary elements sometimes occurs, after which pyoderma appears.
In some rare cases, this condition leads to post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis or to rheumatic heart disease. With pyoderma, boils, ecthyma and abscesses often occur, which are accompanied by lymphadenitis and lymphangitis.
Also, patients with scabies can develop allergic dermatitis or microbial eczema. About half of patients with scabies are diagnosed with complications in the form of pyoderma and dermatitis. In addition, in more rare cases, other complications may arise: pyogenic pneumonia, panaritium, erysipelas, septicemia, regional lymphadenitis, and internal abscesses.
Some patients show nodular scabies, the signs of which are the appearance of cyanotic-crimson or brownish round skin seals. Such formations may not disappear for several weeks, even if there are no parasites. In addition, the manifestation of atypical forms of scabies is possible - Norwegian scabies, pseudosarcoptosis, scabies scabies.
Permethrin (4% ointment), Belarus, Latvia
Active ingredient: Permethrin.
- The ointment is applied in the evening to areas affected by the rash with a capture of an adjacent area of 2 cm.
- Once, with exposure time on the skin - 12 hours.
- The next evening, shower.
Contraindications: pregnancy, lactation, the child is less than 3 months old.
The easiest way to soothe scabies itch is to apply a compress moistened with cold water to the affected area, then wipe the skin dry with a towel and apply calamine lotion. There are other effective home remedies that are based on oils.
Recipes for the preparation of certain funds:
- Tea tree oil. It contains the compound terpinen-4-ol, which kills the parasite that caused the disease. Tea tree oil, 5 drops, combine with 1 ml of essential oil, jojoba or coconut. Apply to the skin 2 times a day for 7 days.
- Neem oil. It is used in the treatment of many skin diseases, including scabies. Add 0.5 ml of pure neem organic oil to 250 ml of jojoba essential oil. Apply to the skin 1-2 times a day. Prepare an antiseptic cream by mixing 50 ml of neem oil with an equal amount of freshly ground turmeric powder. Apply cream 2–3 times a day.
- Neem leaves. Help reduce itching, get rid of ticks. Make a paste of a handful of fresh leaves, crushing them with a pestle or stupa. Rinse the affected area thoroughly, and then apply a paste of neem. Rinse off with water after drying. Perform the procedure daily until complete recovery. Boil the leaves in 1 cup of warm water. Cool to room temperature. Drink 1 tbsp. l 3 or 4 times daily. Repeat for 7 days or until scabies disappear completely.
- Turmeric. The antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties of the substance alleviate the symptoms of scabies and reduce itching. Mix 1 tbsp. l turmeric powder with a few drops of lemon juice until a thick paste is obtained. Apply to itchy places and leave for 1 hour. Then rinse with warm water. Perform the procedure 1 time per day until cure. Mix 1 tsp. turmeric powder and 1 tsp. dry neem leaves. Add a little water until a thick paste forms. Apply the mixture to the skin 1 time per day and leave to dry completely. Then rinse with warm water.
With a scabies mite, blue gum oil and powder from fig bark help well.
How to treat scabies?
There is a whole range of high-speed drugs, medicines, various ointments that help in the fight against scabies. The medicine removes the problem on the skin, as well as the symptoms of the disease. Doctors have developed schemes that are important to apply for certain forms of severity and stages of the disease.
Scabies at an early stage with a small number of foci of the disease includes treatment that excludes re-infection. Scabies in adults with a large number of lesions is treated with drugs that are carefully rubbed into the skin precisely in infected areas. The exception is the area of the face, neck, scalp.
It is more efficient to treat scabies in humans during the period of tick activity - evening and night. Antihistamines, antipruritic, and corticosteroid drugs are prescribed to relieve immuno-allergic symptoms.
Bensocril (ointment), Russia
- At night, the entire skin of the body is smeared with the exception of the skin on the head under the hair and face (all adult itching die).
- Repeat the procedure on the 4th day (for the complete destruction of tick-borne larvae).
- Wash off the ointment for 5 days.
An analogue is benzyl benzoate (20% emulsion for adults, 10% for children). Used in exactly the same way.
The use of sulfuric ointment for the treatment of scabies is impractical today, since to destroy itching with larvae, it is necessary to smear the integument daily for 6 days. While the above preparations are applied to the skin for only 1-2 days.
The itch mite is highly fertile, so it is important to ensure that the disease does not resume in humans.
In the photo you can see how the female tick lays a large number of eggs, therefore the success of treatment depends not only on the proper use of medical devices, but also on sanitization:
- Processing of premises, linen, clothes with the help of a preparation containing esdepalethrin and piperonyl butoxide.
- Bed linen and underwear of a sick person and those living with him should be thoroughly boiled, washed in hot water, ironed after drying with a hot iron.
- Iron things not subject to boiling and do not use them for 7 days.
Medicines and preparations for the treatment of scabies in 1 day
The goal of treating any form of scabies at home is the complete destruction of the tick and its larvae. Therefore, drugs should loosen the stratum corneum of the skin, penetrating deep into the scabies.
Currently, for the quick treatment of scabies, the following drugs, ointments and sprays are used that can get rid of the unpleasant symptoms of scabies in 1 day:
- Benzyl benzoate (ointment 20-30 rubles, emulsion 100 rubles) is contraindicated in children under 3 years of age, during pregnancy and lactation. Before rubbing with ointment, it is necessary to bathe the patient. The ointment is applied to the whole body except the head and face at night, rubbed with hands, do not wash your hands until morning. Only on day 4, the treatment is repeated and on day 5, bed and underwear are changed.
- Lindane Available in the form of ointment, cream, lotion. This drug is applied to dry skin for 6-24 hours, and then washed off. Apply once or twice.
- Crotamiton. Used to treat pregnant women and newborns. The course of treatment is 5 days.
- Esdepalletrin (A-Par aerosol 600 rub., Spregal aerosol 800-900 rub). A synthetic drug, available in the form of an aerosol, is used once and is considered very convenient and low toxic. Contraindicated in bronchial asthma, with breastfeeding.
- Permethrin (Medifox vial, gel 100-140 rub., Nyx cream 320-400 rub., Pediculosis Hygia 180 rub.) Rubbed into the skin of the whole body, and washed off after 8-14 hours. Apply once.
- Ivermectin. It is applied once orally. It is contraindicated in women during pregnancy and children under 5 years old.
Antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory actions are prescribed to patients in rare cases of severe forms of scabies. They are accepted by patients strictly according to individually designed by doctors schemes.
To reduce allergic reactivity, Loratadin, Suprastin, Zirtek are used.
Treatment of scabies is carried out without fail, otherwise a person runs the risk of getting complications that will lead to serious consequences:
- Pyoderma. Lesions of the skin with ulcers, which come in various forms of complexity, boils, folliculitis, abscesses. With a severely neglected form of scabies, pyoderma leads to sepsis.
- Eczema. With a protracted disease, a microbial form of eczema develops, or chronic inflammation of the skin. Foci in the form of vesicles, weeps appear on the feet, hands, inner thighs.
- Lymphadenitis Extensive skin lesions that develop due to inflammation of the lymph nodes spread under the armpits and groin.
Often, with advanced types of scabies, secondary infections join. And this can lead to the development of dermatitis, lymphoplasia, and disorders of the internal organs. The faster you start treatment, the sooner you can achieve results. If the disease is started, then the scabies mite will settle for a long time not only in a person, but in all his things and will remind himself of frequent relapses.
The principles of treatment of scabies in humans
Also during treatment, you should adhere to the following recommendations:
- To all patients from one epid. the focus must be treated at the same time.
- Rub the drug with bare hands, because the hands are most often affected by scabies.
- Trim your nails: under them, due to scratching, there may be tick eggs.
- Remember to disinfect linen and clothes: a tick reliably kills when boiled for 5-10 minutes in a solution of soda or washing powder, you can still iron clothes with a hot iron, but for the laziest there is a very simple way: the linen is removed and packaged in a plastic bag for 5 days or hanging out in the open. After 5 days, the clothes are considered disinfected, as hungry ticks do not survive for so long. Pay attention that you need to process all the tissues that come in contact with the body - clothes and bedding. If you do not want to take off your bedding, take a good walk on the sheets, pillowcase and duvet cover with a hot iron. If the disinfection is poor, the remaining ticks can infect you again.
- It is better to treat complicated scabies benzyl benzoate ointment or Spregal.
- Norwegian scabies is treated in a hospital.
Sulfur ointment (33%) can be used to treat scabies in patients over 12 years old. It is used to treat the body at night for 5-7 days. For children 2-7 years old, apply 10-15% sulfuric ointment twice with an interval of three to four days.
You should definitely use anti-stamina drugs to treat scabies, including Claritin, Cetrin, Zodak, Zirtek, Erius, etc., drugs of the 2nd and 3rd generation have a longer effect and have a slight sedative effect.
Demyanovich’s method is also based on the acaricidal action of sulfur. It consists in the sequential application of 60% sodium hyposulfite solution and 6% hydrochloric acid solution (for children, the concentrations are reduced to 40% and 4%, respectively). Between the application of the first and second solutions take a break of 10 minutes. After the procedure, all clothes are changed.Shower can be taken only on the fourth day after treatment.
The effect of the therapy is largely determined not by the drug itself, but by the correctness of its use, therefore, when treating scabies, it is important to observe several rules:
- A shower, a complete change of bed linen and clothes are carried out before and after a course of treatment,
- Skin treatment should be carried out in the evening before bedtime,
- Processing should not only affect the affected areas, but also the entire surface of the body,
- It is necessary to regularly sanitize personal clothing and premises,
- Antiparasitic ointments should not be used longer than indicated by the doctor (even if itching of the skin continues), since drugs can cause an overdose. With continued itching after treatment, you should continue taking antihistamines.
In order to increase immune defense, stabilize the nervous system and activate the regeneration of the skin, it is recommended to take vitamins:
All of these complexes contain tocopherol, ascorbic acid, retinol, as well as zinc, selenium, and other minerals that are extremely important for improving health.
Remember that before using any folk recipes, you should consult with specialists who will tell you about the nuances of certain funds and the possible consequences of their use. We list the most effective recipes:
- mix 1 tbsp. a spoon of turpentine with 2 tbsp. tablespoons of butter. The resulting mixture is applied to the skin before bedtime,
- 1 tbsp. a spoon of celandine is mixed with 4 tbsp. spoons of petroleum jelly. The product is intended for external use. The whole body is processed, not just the affected areas,
- birch tar is applied evenly to itchy places, washed off after 3-4 hours with warm water.
How to quickly cure at home with folk remedies
It is best to use acaricidal drugs to get rid of scabies mites. They guarantee 100% cure.
But if you can’t quickly get an appointment with a dermatologist (tomorrow is Sunday, or there is no regular bus from the village to the district center hospital), you can slow down the mass resettlement of itch throughout the body using old recipes.
Acidic environment inhibits the growth of parasites, therefore, apple vinegar can be used to significantly reduce their population:
- A day, two (before visiting the doctor), you can thoroughly smear the skin covered with a rash 2 (3) times a day.
- Do not flush.
The adverse environment prevents the laying of eggs by females, disrupts the metabolic processes of the larvae, which is why most of them die.
Disinfection of housing and household items
The itch mite outside the human skin does not live very long - about 5 days. In dry and hot conditions (at a temperature of 60 degrees), it dies within an hour, and at a temperature below 0 or boiling - almost immediately. Disinfection methods for scabies are based on this feature:
- underwear and bed linen, towels are boiled in 1-2% soda solution for 5-10 minutes from the moment of boiling,
- clothes that cannot be boiled are ironed with a steamer on both sides,
- outerwear, as well as pillows, mattresses, blankets are placed in the open air for 5 days. In winter, one day is enough for this purpose.
Currently, for the disinfection of rooms and personal belongings of the patient, the drug “A-PAR” is used, produced in the form of an aerosol. They are treated with things that cannot be boiled or ironed: mattresses, pillows, blankets, outerwear, etc. In addition, the room can be treated with an aerosol - walls, floors, door handles, furniture. Bedding should be sprayed twice.
The product does not leave stains, therefore, after processing, washing things is not necessary, but you can use them after 2-3 hours.
Garlic oil mixture
- 250 ml of vegetable oil (from sunflower, mustard or flax) with a small flame, boil in a jar (0.5 l.) In a water bath.
- Pour crushed garlic (50 g) with this emulsion.
- Insist a day.
- Lubricate the skin damaged by itching should be 2 p. in a day.
The effectiveness of this tool is due to the powerful antiparasitic properties of garlic and the binding properties of oil (it deprives ticks of full breath and prevents fast movement).
In earlier times, people mixed aspen ash with sulfur powder in equal proportions. They besieged her in water (a thick talker turned out).
Once a day, the concentrate was rubbed on the hands, legs, stomach, where the rash formed.
For a complete cure of scabies, 4 days of such procedures were enough.
What explains the effectiveness of the use of tar birch in scabies. The substance inhibits all the vital functions of ticks:
- Deprives of breath, nutrition.
- Prevents mating of individuals.
- It interferes with the process of larval laying.
- Does not allow to gnaw tunnels.
- Tar is usually mixed with sulfur powder in a 2: 1 ratio.
You can apply it directly to the skin, where the rash is and a little nearby (capturing 2 cm around the circumference).
How many days to treat scabies
Depending on the drug, the timing of complete disposal is different:
- Ointments Spregal, Permethrin, Medifox - 1 day. Control (whether new acne has formed) on day 4, then on day 10.
- Benzyl benzoate - 5 days. Control - after 10 days.
- Sulfur ointment - 6 days. The control is the same.
Treatment according to alternative recipes takes from 7 to 10 days.
Hygiene in the treatment
The main conditions for the successful destruction of itching:
- Nails should be short cut.
- Laundry should be washed at the highest possible water temperatures.
- Socks, tights, worn during the period of illness, it is better to throw it away.
- The fact that it is impossible to wash is treated with steam from the iron, acaricidal sprays (than they smeared the skin), or Sanox or A-PAR means.
- The same drugs clean mites of household items and furniture, as well as floors.
All children, adult families are treated simultaneously.
Food for scabies
A special diet is not provided, but it is important to minimize the consumption of certain foods:
- wine (vodka),
- smoked meats and marinades,
- salted fish
The food should be complete, without culinary delights, but with a large number of natural vitamins (A, C, E, D, B) that accelerate the regenerative processes of the skin.
List of effective drugs
Quick acaricidal preparations that prevent the formation of deep and long passages of ticks under the skin:
- Spregal (aerosol).
- Lindane (Lotion).
- Crotamion (lotion).
- Malathion (Lotion).
The use of these funds instantly destroys adult itching, prevents their penetration into the epidermis. Prevents infection of acne with pathogenic microbes.
In the case of a preserved immune status, the disease does not pose an immediate threat to life. Timely adequate treatment can completely eliminate the symptoms and consequences of the disease. Disability is fully restored.
In rare cases, observed mainly in the poorest countries, complicated scabies can lead to post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis and possibly rheumatic heart disease.
In children, scabies can be complicated by severe pyoderma and sepsis, up to the death of the patient. The prognosis for Norwegian scabies is dubious, treatment is ineffective, deaths occurring due to intoxication of the patient, damage to cardiac activity are frequent.
I think I got a cat. I went on vacation called. Few of your sores are so nate to you for a couple. Just now I am smearing with a benzoat, already there is a scab on the back. Son rubs. Terribly itchy. They were discharged from the sick-list, but by the fact that there I feel for so many knolls appeared and how they managed to breed so much there, to go crazy. I thought that I was just allergic, and the doctor looked and said scabies, I thought I would fail with shame. I was revered and afraid, is it really so hard to get scabies out? I am in shock. In the courtyard of the 21st century and I have scabies. I feel like a leper, I flew back and forth in an airplane, I can’t understand where I got it.
My mother somehow had scabies, she picked up where it is not clear.
They were treated with Benzyl benzoate ointment indicated here. Used at night, since it is at night that the ticks are the most active and climb out to dig their moves. It helped pretty quickly, for 1 day the unpleasant symptoms of scabies were gone.
Just be careful, the ointment bakes very much, especially in sensitive places like the face and neck. Smear a little ...