The Importance of Male Testosterone Hormone
Testosterone is a male hormone that belongs to the class of steroids.
It has androgenic and anabolic activity.
At a normal level, a man feels energetic, full of strength.
In his life there is inspiration, full sex and enjoyment of life in all its manifestations.
What is endogenous testosterone?
Male hormone is produced by Leydig cells located in the testicles (testicles) of a man. A small amount is additionally synthesized by the adrenal glands.
So what is it? Endogenous testosterone is a hormone that the body produces on its own from cholesterol.. In this, it differs from exogenous, coming from the outside when taking hormonal drugs or special nutrition.
Endogenous testosterone in the absence of hormone intake from external sources can be called common. In the body, it can exist both in a free and in a bound state.
Free matter accounts for a small amount of the total. It varies according to various sources from 1 to 4%. This figure remains negligible, regardless of the following factors:
- additional receipt of the steroid from external sources,
- strength training
- the use of dietary supplements,
- organization of special meals.
Nature very wisely disposed, leaving a small amount of a substance with powerful androgenic activity in free use, since with its excess, a man will experience the following discomfort:
- unmotivated aggression, irritabilitydue to the fact that the excess of male hormone is suppressed by cortisone, which is also called the "hormone of rage".
- Constant sexual arousal that is difficult to satisfy. With an orgasm in a man, free testosterone is decomposed into dopamine and serotonin.
In such a situation, the body relaxes, experiencing euphoria and peace, he wants to sleep. During rest, the concentration of free male hormone in the blood plasma is restored.
Surplus, oddly enough, can weaken the brightness of sensations during sexual intercourse, reducing its duration. Satisfaction after such intercourse man does not experience.
For this reason, approximately 98% of testosterone is bound in the male body.
The body binds the hormone in two ways:
- the formation of a complex compound with globulin, which is present in blood plasma and binds sex hormones. Globulin is abbreviated as SHBG (sex hormone binding hormone).
Thus, testosterone goes into a temporarily inactive state, creating a reserve in the body for situations such as stress, creative activity, physical activity, etc.
SHBG binds approximately 60% of the total amount of testosterone, thus creating a hormonal reserve.
- Endogenous testosterone is a steroid hormone independently synthesized by the male body.
- It is synthesized continuously.
- In the free state, about two percent of the total amount in the body remains.
- The remaining amount is bound by SHBG, making reserve reserves, or by blood proteins. For example, albumin.
What effect does it have on a man’s body?
Constantly formed testosterone in a free state is an analogue of the perpetual motion machine for the male body.
Thanks to this hormone in men:
- secondary sexual characteristics are formed.
- The normal activity of the genitals is ensured, namely, the quality of the erection and seminal fluid, the possibility of sexual intercourse.
- Fat is intensively burned, especially at power loads, which prompt the body to actively produce testosterone.
- The formation and renewal of body cells is activated.
- There is a desire for success, professional growth, there is excitement.
It is free testosterone that is responsible in a man for the quality of his life under the condition of a normal concentration in the blood plasma.
The hormone associated with globulin is always ready to be released if necessary. For example, with stress.
Testosterone associated with albumin, despite androgenic neutrality, is also necessary for a man, since he:
- stimulates the growth of muscle mass, preventing the formation of fat,
- maintains bone density
- increases stamina and stress resistance of the body.
How does testosterone affect a man, you will learn from this video:
What else is the substance turning into?
In the male body, the hormone undergoes another transformation. Under the influence of the enzyme 5-alpha reductase, it passes into dehydrotestosterone, which has an even more powerful androgenic activity, increasing the sensitivity of the mucous membranes of the genitals, stimulating the secretion of the prostate.
It is dehydrotestosterone that causes excitement, enthusiasm, calls for immediate action, makes you not to give up in difficult situations.
This form of male hormone allows you to get the most complete pleasure from intercourse.
Ways to normalize secretion
In order for the male hormone to continue to be produced by the body in the right amount It is advisable for a man to follow the following rules:
- three times a week to conduct strength training with weight lifting lasting 30-40 minutes.
- Expose yourself to moderate cardio load 2-3 times a week for a duration of no more than 30 minutes.
Endogenous testosterone can be a man's source of eternal youth, longevity and success.. The main thing is to maintain its concentration in the norm.
And finally, a few more recommendations about endogenous testosterone:
Key Testosterone Functions
What is testosterone for? Testosterone production is noted in the testes. The adrenal glands are partly involved in this process.
The two main functions of the hormone are:
- ensuring muscle growth, optimal bone tissue density, effective fat burning. It is considered an anabolic steroid in its structure. That's why it is able to stimulate the renewal of cells and muscles, while promoting the growth of new tissues,
- the presence of secondary sexual characteristics, the full functioning of the reproductive system. Provided through androgenic characteristics.
Why is a "male" hormone needed and what does it consist of?
Allocate total testosterone in men. This is a kind of total amount of the hormone in a free state and bound. The first accounts for 2%. The second occupies 98% of the total amount. Testosterone in bound form is considered the most active form from a biological point of view.
Free testosterone in men is responsible for sexual desire and the timely appearance of secondary sexual characteristics. If it is not produced enough, it will lead to infertility.
The free testosterone index refers to an indicator that displays the ratio of the bound hormone to the free compound. It is expressed as a percentage. In laboratories for clinical blood tests, tables are used that indicate the norms of testosterone - total and free.
The maximum level of testosterone in men (total) is:
- 250-1100 ng / dl - for patients from 18 to 69 years old,
- 90-890 ng / dl - for men from 70 years and older.
Free testosterone - the norm in men (minimum threshold) by age:
- 46-224 ng / dl - from 18 to 69 years old,
- 6-73 ng / dl - from 70 years and older.
- 18-60 years old - 4.5-42 pg / ml,
- 61-90 years old - 3.3-20.62 pg / ml.
In young people aged 25 to 34 years, free testosterone can vary from 0.43 + - 0.10 nmol.
When to sound the alarm?
When the norm of testosterone in men is violated, they talk about a condition such as hypogonadism. It can be primary and secondary. Congenital forms are caused by insufficient testosterone production. The secondary form is provoked by a decreased synthesis of the hormone by the pituitary gland.
If you find yourself with some of the following symptoms, this is an occasion to consult a doctor:
- a depressed state or a feeling of prolonged oppression, a decreased reaction to emotions is weaker than usual.
- signs of gynecomastia are breast enlargement, which happens in men precisely in connection with a decrease in androgen levels. As a result, there are more female hormones - estrogen, for example,
- muscle atrophy. Muscle growth is directly related to androgen levels. If there is a lack of testosterone in the body, then the muscle tissue gradually atrophies and is replaced by fat cells,
- a decrease in the level of erection is already closer to the pathological condition. Moreover, decreased erection and ejaculation (ejaculation) are symptoms of many diseases, but most often they appear with a low level of androgen hormone,
- decreased libido and, as a result, decreased levels or lack of sexual desire,
- reduced physical activity. The male hormone testosterone is needed to provide energy in men. It is thanks to him that active mental and physical activity is carried out, so a decrease in physical activity can be a symptom of a decrease in testosterone levels.
If the above signs of deficiency of an important hormone, or even a part of them, are recognized on time and appropriate treatment is applied, then many problems can be avoided in the future.
Causes of deficiency
Experts are inclined to believe that low testosterone levels are due to the following reasons:
- psychological factor. At times when a person is stressed, significant doses of adrenaline are released into the body. It inhibits the production of hormones,
- age. Even if a man is absolutely healthy, after 30 years, the natural production of androgen hormones in him decreases by one and a half percent,
- a diet rich in harmful foods. It is a food with an excessive presence of cholesterol. Also, bubbly drinks and alcohol do not add health. Foods with an increased content of caffeine, salt and sugar negatively affect
- passive lifestyle,
- genital injury
- the use of anabolics,
- past illnesses
- taking a number of medications.
- the impact of chronic diseases.
Scientists have learned relatively recently that hypogonadism is associated with past illnesses. Here are the pathologies in question:
- Ischemic heart disease,
- arterial hypertension
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- bronchial asthma.
It is not necessary that the above chronic diseases directly affect the sexual sphere. A decrease in androgen may result from malfunctions in the work of victims of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland disease.
How dangerous is an increase in testosterone?
Both minimum and maximum testosterone levels in men are normally limited.
Excess or deficiency of the hormone can lead to:
- Acne. The sebaceous glands are activated by exposure to high levels of testosterone. More sebum is produced.
- Heart attacks. The more the maximum permissible threshold of the compound is exceeded, the higher the risk of undergoing a disease of the cardiovascular system.
- Aggressiveness and sudden mood swings.
- Liver disease. More often occur under the influence of excessive enthusiasm for men with anabolic steroids to increase androgen.
- Baldness. Early damage to the scalp has an inextricable link with an excess of androgen hormone, and this is proved.
- Apnea. During sleep, holding your breath for a period of 10 seconds to 3 minutes may occur. This condition can lead to hypertension, and sometimes strokes.
- Infertility. Under the influence of excess hormone, the number of red blood cells in the blood increases, while sperm production decreases.
When to take tests?
Indications for laboratory analysis are as follows:
- absence or decrease in libido,
- allopecia, in other words baldness,
- chronic prostatitis
- testicular neoplasm,
- primary or secondary hypogonadism,
- pituitary dysfunction,
- genetic diseases
The analysis is taken from a vein. Hormone levels fluctuate, depending on the time of day. In the morning, indicators may be higher than in the evening. There is also a seasonal factor. The fact is that in the autumn months in men, an increase in the level of androgen hormone in the blood is planned.
Test results can shift up or down if a person:
- sitting on a vegetarian diet
- has an increased body temperature,
- takes barbiturates or hormones,
- administers antipsychotics, cardiac glycosides, diuretics and spirits. All this helps to lower the hormone and its concentration.
To get the most accurate result, they donate blood for analysis on an empty stomach.
About an hour before visiting the laboratory, the patient should:
- no smoking,
- do not be nervous,
- avoid any excessive loads,
- stop taking medications and foods that can distort the test.
If the hormone indicators exceeded the bar at 11ng / ml, this may indicate:
- adrenal hyperplasia,
- precocious puberty in boys,
- reduced level of SHBG,
- extragonadal tumors,
- Itsenko-cushing syndrome,
- tumor of the adrenal cortex.
If testosterone is less than 2.6 ng / ml, this indicates potential:
- slow puberty,
- Kalman syndrome
- myotonic dystrophy,
- hypogonadism (primary or secondary),
- liver or kidney failure,
- genital dysfunctions,
- Klinefelter syndrome
- Down syndrome
- chronic prostatitis.
Exogenous Testosterone Preparations
Exogenous testosterone enters the bloodstream with drugs and food. Modern medicine is quite well armed regarding methods for increasing it in a man’s body.
Medicinal methods (HRT) are the most common. Today you can find an advertisement for so many drugs, but you need to pay attention to what is the specificity of their action. Let's consider some of them.
Endogenous testosterone is produced by the body. At 50 years, as well as at an older age, its physiological decrease is noted. The same is true for SHGG.
To increase it in men, the following drugs are usually used:
- Andriol - Another good drug. This is one of the few drugs that are almost harmless to the liver. This is very important, since most drugs cause either an allergy or a detrimental effect on the liver. This is especially true for hormonal drugs. Andriol also does not inhibit hormone production by the body. It, on the contrary, activates the production of its own hormone.
- Androgel - a very effective gel for external use. Apply it to the abdomen with a thin layer. In no case can it be applied to the genitals - there is a high risk of irritation. You can wear clothes after 5-6 minutes after application. Reviews about the drug are also very good: it is often used at the stage when a hormone deficiency is just diagnosed.
- Nebido Is an oily solution for injection. This drug is used in clinical treatment and requires medical attention. Very effective.
- Sustanon 250 - also a drug for injection. It contains 176 mg / ml of the hormone. Sometimes the drug can contribute to toxic effects - an allergic reaction may occur.
- Libido - Men's pills to increase the level of testosterone hormone and maintain potency at the proper level.
Reasons for Testosterone Decrease
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A gradual drop in testosterone levels is a natural process associated with the extinction of reproductive function. Changes begin after 45 years, when there is a decrease in the concentration of testosterone in the blood. In response to low hormone production, the pituitary gland activates: the production of luteinizing hormone (LH) increases, and the effect on the testicles increases. Ideally, such a scheme would lead to a natural increase in testosterone levels, but with the onset of andropause, the system crashes.
According to statistics, almost half of men aged 45-55 years have some symptoms of testosterone deficiency.
Experts say that the main problem of adropause is not a low level of testosterone at all. The reason for poor health lies in the imbalance of all hormones and, in particular, the ratio of testosterone and estrogen. In young men, estrogen is produced in small concentrations. The conversion of testosterone to estrogen increases with age. Studies show that estrogen levels in men aged 54 years and women in 59 years are approximately the same.
The lack of testosterone not only enhances the production of estrogen, but also stimulates the attachment of the female hormone to specific receptors in all organs and tissues. And if in youth estrogen went to maintain anabolic processes, then with age the body ceases to cope with such a load.
Excess estrogen and a lack of testosterone in the complex lead to symptoms of andropause.
Indications for testosterone therapy
Hormone therapy is prescribed in such situations:
- Natural andropause, with severe symptoms of testosterone deficiency.
- Pathological conditions at any age, in which there is an imbalance of hormones (diseases of the pituitary gland, hypothalamus, etc.).
The reason for the appointment of testosterone therapy may be the appearance of such symptoms:
- fast weight gain
- decreased performance
- impaired attention and memory,
- hot flashes,
- headaches and dizziness,
At the same time, there are disorders in the sexual sphere:
- decreased libido
- lack of orgasm
- violation of erection and ejaculation,
- loss of ability to conceive a child.
A progressive decrease in testosterone leads to the appearance of various pathologies from the internal organs and the musculoskeletal system. The following symptoms occur:
- urination disorders
- decrease in bone density (osteoporosis) and the appearance of back pain,
- high blood pressure
- heart rhythm disturbance.
Unpleasant manifestations of andropause in combination with low levels of progesterone become the reason for hormone therapy.
Read on: How to increase testosterone in natural ways (without medication)
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In this article I want to share with you about the testosterone homon, what kind of hormone it is, why it is needed, its main functions, the story of testosterone, how to maintain healthy testosterone levels and much more interesting and useful.
Testosterone is one of the most important tools in our body in order to grow, recover and live. Medicine also uses testosterone to treat low levels of endogenous (your own testosterone), and supplements are actively used to increase overall testosterone levels.
Imagine that you are sitting at a scientific conference in Paris on June 1, 1889, when your 72-year-old colleague, Dr. Charles Brown-Sequard, describes the miraculous improvements in his physical and mental abilities since he began to inject a mixture of blood, sperm and the testicular fluid that he extracted from the testicles of dogs and guinea pigs is creepy, isn't it? But not for 1889, apparently.
By the end of the same year, 12 thousand doctors prescribed Brown-Sekvard's Elixir of Life to their patients. However, it was not until 1935 that the hormone responsible for these remarkable anti-aging benefits to increase energy got its name: testosterone. In the same year, the Swiss researcher Leopold Ruzicka and the German researcher Adolf Butendant synthesize testosterone for commercialization, and then receive the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their achievements.
Since then, the king of hormones has become one of the most controversial and sought-after substances in the field of medicine, fitness and sports in general. Fortunately, it was no longer necessary to sacrifice canine precious testes in search of a fountain of youth, beauty and energy.
What is testosterone and how is it produced?
Chemically, testosterone is a steroid; biologically, it is the androgen male sex hormone. In the eyes of the law, testosterone is a controlled substance in at least many countries. If you are traveling to the countries of Mexico or Thailand, you do not need a recipe.
Men and women produce testosterone, but if an adult man produces 5-10 milligrams of testosterone per day, then an average, adult woman produces ten times less. In men, testosterone is synthesized mainly in testicles (testes) 95% of all testosterone is produced there, the remaining percent falls on the adrenal glands. In women, testosterone is synthesized in the ovaries (50%) and 50% of the adrenal glands.
Regardless of the method of its production in any of the sexes, testosterone is synthesized from cholesterol, the sworn substance of all nutritionists.
Normal testosterone levels
Testosterone levels fluctuate throughout the day. In men, the highest concentrations of testosterone in the morning, but gradually decrease throughout the day. Testosterone production is largely controlled by the rhythmic bursts of another hormone that is released approximately every 1-3 hours - gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH).
But only 2-3 percent of all testosterone is present in the form of free testosterone, while the rest is associated with albumin and globulin-binding sex hormones (SHBG).
Estrogens increase SHBG in the body, while testosterone and other androgens decrease SHBG. Thus, if your globulin level is high and testosterone is in the normal range, the concentration of free testosterone will be low, and this will lead to a significant decrease in the ability of your muscles to respond to testosterone.
There is a very simple test for testosterone: put your right hand on the table, if the ring finger does not exceed the index, then you were exposed to more testosterone during development, and your androgen receptors worked well.
How does testosterone work and what
Testosterone can pass into cells passively and bind to androgen receptors, which act directly on the cell nucleus. It can also serve as a hormone in the gonads and tissues such as your skin, hair follicles, and fat. For example, when the enzyme 5-alpha reductase in the prostate is present, testosterone is converted into a more potent androgen - dihydrotestosterone (DHT), which is a biologically active form of testosterone.
In adipose tissue, the aromatase enzyme converts testosterone to estrogen, estradiol. In other words, the more adipose tissue you have, the more estradiol your body can form from testosterone.
What is the effect of testosterone on the body in adults:
Muscle: increases protein synthesis, muscle mass and strength
Adipose tissue: blocks fat absorption and fat storage, increases the number of beta-adrenergic receptors
Brain: improves memory, memorization, improves libido, aggravates feelings
Heart: increases blood flow and cardiac output
Bones: increases red blood cell production and bone growth, maintains bone density
The genitals of men: supports sperm production and viability, promotes penis growth and improves erectile function
Leather: supports collagen production and hair production
Kidneys: produces erythropoietin (EPO), which stimulates the production of red blood cells.
In addition, testosterone increases insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), and healthy testosterone levels are associated with good health and immune function, lower mortality and lower body fat, as well as accelerated metabolism.
Thus, in men with low testosterone levels, exogenous administration of the hormone will improve energy, muscle mass, libido, quality of sex, bone mineral density, reduce body fat, depression.
How testosterone affects fat, weight and body composition
Low testosterone in men increases fat stores, reduces calorie expenditure, all of which can lead to insulin resistance, and also negatively affects metabolic control. Together, in both sexes, testosterone acts directly on your central nervous system (brain and spinal cord), regulating metabolism, affecting the body’s ability to burn calories and maintain normal blood glucose levels.
For example, in a study in which men from 21 to 37 years old were injected with 200 mg of testosterone enanthate once a week for 6 months, the men were in good health and did not exercise, the level of testosterone increased by 91.1 percent, muscle mass increased by 9.6 percent, and body fat decreased by 16.2 percent. Most studies show only the positive benefits of using exogenous testosterone.
The effect of testosterone on muscle mass
Many of the benefits of the testosterone produced in your body result from its conversion to a more powerful androgenic form - DHT. Testosterone acts directly on the stimulation of muscle growth, it acts as an anabolic hormone.
Testosterone activates and increases the number of muscle fiber precursor cells, after activation, these cells can be incorporated into existing muscle fibers to make them larger (hypertrophy), or these cells can join together to form new muscle fibers (hyperplasia).
In addition, testosterone increases the number of control core centers that are present in muscle fiber, thereby increasing the number of available androgen receptors. In combination with physical activity, the consumption of essential amino acids necessary for protein synthesis, the effects of testosterone on muscle growth significantly increase and intensify.
Testosterone is also an anti-catabolic, as it blocks the ability of catabolic hormones, such as cortisol, to bind to their primary receptors. This makes it fundamental for building and maintaining muscle mass and quick recovery after physical exertion.
How testosterone makes muscles stronger: Until recently, testosterone was believed to increase strength by increasing muscle size, however, it was shown that testosterone increases the amount of calcium released inside the cells, which can increase the strength of muscle contractions. Similarly, in a recent rodent study it was shown that DHT directly stimulates the production of muscle contraction power by 24-30 percent in both strength and endurance of muscle fibers.
How testosterone enhances endurance: testosterone increases EPO, which stimulates the development of red blood cells. The more red blood cells we have, the more oxygen is able to bring blood to our working muscles. Testosterone increases the amount of mitochondria present in cells and improves mitochondrial function.
How does testosterone affect sexual function and fertility?
At the moment, the effectiveness of testosterone in improving sexual function in men is fully proven. Researchers report the following benefits:
- Physiological: testosterone stimulates nitric oxide and blood flow
- Structural: testosterone helps in erection and libido
- Neural: Testosterone improves the tissue involved and the flow of impulses required for sexual activity.
- Antagonistic: testosterone blocks an enzyme that otherwise blocks an erection.
- Supportive: Testosterone inhibits the adverse effects on sexual function, which are obesity, diabetes, and aging.
But it is worth remembering that high dosages of testosterone used for a long time can cause infertility.
A recent study showed that total and free testosterone, as well as its predecessor, DHEA-S (sulfated form), are significantly lower in women who complain of low sexual activity, arousal, and the ability to orgasm.
In the study, women with low sexual activity or during menopause support the safe and effective use of testosterone therapy to increase sexual desire, activity, pleasure and orgasms, with the only noticeable side effect being an increase in acne.
How Testosterone Affects Your Behavior
The most common effects of the effects of testosterone on the brain are that it enhances social dominance and risk-taking. The more testosterone is present during fetal development, and then again during puberty and adolescence, the more likely it is that the person will be smart, but it is possible that he will not possess certain social skills, such as empathy or restraint.
How Strength Training Affects Testosterone Levels
In general, training with a higher weight and intensity above your current threshold stimulates testosterone production. In order to stimulate a testosterone response, you need to constantly increase the relative volume of training and loads.
In cycling, the approach of high-intensity interval training can be applied: to do more work in less time, for more testosterone production. To prevent the body from adapting (not adapting) to the loads, make changes to your training volume.
The best time for training is the time when your energy levels support your ability to train with maximum intensity, and this parameter is individual for each.
How Thinking and Lifestyle Affect Testosterone
Continuous rivalry, victory, personal success, or just being in a dominant position can increase testosterone levels. If you are unsure, you have already lost testosterone. Stressful situations produce large amounts of cortisol, which will undoubtedly lower your testosterone.
Nicotine, or rather its metabolite cotinine, prolongs the active life of testosterone, thereby increasing the total and free testosterone in men, there is also a positive tendency to increase testosterone in women who smoke. However, nicotine abuse has the opposite effect, increasing SHBG, thereby reducing the bioavailability of testosterone.
How to maintain normal testosterone levels
The main enemy of men is age, the overall level of testosterone decreases and SHBG increases, the bioavailable testosterone decreases every decade, starting from reaching adulthood by an adult from the age of about 30 years.
Limit alcohol consumption, it negatively affects the overall level of testosterone
Chronic stress, including overtraining, reduces total testosterone and the ratio of anabolic to catabolic
Do not use a low-calorie diet for a long time
Use fast-digesting protein and amino acids after training
Maintain a healthy body mass and get rid of excess fat reserves
What are the signs of low testosterone
For men and women:
Fatigue, depression, loss of libido, loss of pleasure from sex (especially in women), inability to concentrate, loss of muscle mass and strength, decreased feelings of well-being, decreased body hair, increased body fat, constant mood swings, increased aggression, sleep disturbance.
Hormone replacement therapy
A well-known method used in medicine since the middle of the last century. And while the first synthetic testosterone preparations had a large number of side effects, modern drugs are much better tolerated by patients.
The principle of action is the introduction of testosterone into the body, which will compensate for the deficiency of its own hormone and thereby eliminates the unpleasant symptoms of male menopause.
- Easy to use.
- Effective only in mild andropause.
- Valid for 4 hours.
- They are prescribed several times a day, which makes these funds not the most convenient for continuous use.
- Contraindicated in some diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- The best option in the presence of clinically pronounced symptoms of andropause.
- Valid for a long time: from 1 to 3 months.
- The effect of the use of the drug is noted after 3 days.
- Do not affect the digestive tract, do not have a hepatotoxic effect.
- May lead to a sharp jump in hormone levels after withdrawal.
- After training, the patient can independently inject the drug.
- Presented in the form of adhesives.
- They do not require special skills during installation: just follow the instructions.
- They act throughout the day, creating the optimal level of hormones in the blood.
- They require regular replacement.
- Well tolerated and rarely lead to side effects.
- Installed by a doctor: an implant is inserted under the skin, after which the wound is sutured.
- Effective and relatively safe (possible complications after surgery).
- Valid for 6 months, ensuring uniform release of the hormone.
- Replace on time.
- In the Russian Federation are not officially registered.
Modern hormonal drugs are well tolerated by patients, however, when using large doses, side effects may develop:
- a temporary decrease in the synthesis of endogenous testosterone,
- swelling and weight gain,
- deterioration of the skin (acne),
- alopecia (baldness),
- atrophy of testicles.
Studies conducted by German scientists have shown that prolonged and / or uncontrolled use of testosterone drugs increases the risk of developing vein thrombosis of the lower extremities and pulmonary embolism. There was also a connection between taking high doses of the hormone and increasing the frequency of cardiovascular disease in men.
HRT is strictly contraindicated in cancer of the prostate and breast.
A relatively new treatment used to achieve andropause. Its essence lies in the use of drugs that stimulate the production of testosterone. During therapy, the concentration of the hormone reaches an optimal level, unpleasant symptoms disappear, and the risk of developing serious diseases is reduced.
For stimulating therapy in men, drugs based on chorionic gonadotropin (CG) are used. This substance activates spermatogenesis and triggers the production of endogenous testosterone.
The drug is administered intramuscularly once a week. Therapy begins with small doses of the hormone (about 500-1000 units). With good tolerance, the dosage of the drug is gradually increased. The course of treatment lasts at least 12 months.
After cancellation of CG, its effect lasts up to six months.
To determine whether this method of therapy will be effective, it is necessary to conduct a test: the patient is administered 1,500 units of the drug for 3 days, after which testosterone levels are measured. The concentration of the hormone should increase by 50% or more. In the absence of effect, testosterone replacement therapy is indicated.
Treatment is contraindicated in prostate cancer and malignant breast tumors.
Comparison of therapies
Comparative characteristics of substitution and stimulation therapy are presented in the table:
|Operating principle||The introduction of testosterone and maintaining it at the right level in the body||Stimulating testosterone production|
|disadvantages||Possibility of an allergic reaction|
|Release Forms||Oral, injectable, subcutaneous, transdermal agents||Injection form|
|Action duration||Depends on the form of release (from 4 hours to 3 months)||2-3 days|
|Efficiency||A large selection of drugs allows you to choose the best option||Some patients do not respond to stimulant medications.|
The final choice of the method of therapy will depend on the condition of the man, the presence of concomitant pathology and individual tolerance of certain drugs. It is strongly not recommended to take any hormonal drugs without a doctor's prescription.
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Testosterone production in men: how to increase, what it depends on
Testosterone is a hormone produced by the male body, which is of great importance for the development of primary, secondary symptoms. In different periods of life, its concentration is different. The production of testosterone in men is a process that occurs in the testes, pituitary, and adrenal glands.
Violation of this chain leads to serious consequences. How is the production going? How does it work? Is it possible to increase it? This is our article.
Testosterone is the main hormone necessary for the formation, development of male qualities. It is also produced in women, but its concentration is very small.
In different periods of life, the indicator is different. Until 11 years old, he is in a low degree. Puberty - significantly increased.
Secondary signs develop - the voice changes, muscle tissue, genitals grow, sexuality appears. Duration from 11-18 years. The highest concentration in an adult occurs at 35-40.
- In the womb determines the gender of the child.
- Puberty time - the amount of the hormone is responsible for the growth of the genitals.
- The presence of hair on the body also depends on the level of the hormone. Excess affects the appearance of bald spots (early age).
- Developed muscles - occurs due to the stimulation of the protein necessary for muscle growth.
- The distribution of adipose tissue of the upper torso. Increased metabolism.
- Supports low cholesterol, which helps to neutralize vascular sclerosis.
- Regulates the amount of blood sugar, helps to avoid diabetes.
- It is part of the bone tissue, strengthens it. Promotes the accumulation of calcium in bones.
- It stabilizes the nervous system, protects against stress and breakdowns.
- Enhances libido, sexual activity.
- Regulates the production of seminal fluid.
- Increases the work of sweat glands.
The presence of a normal amount in representatives of a strong half of humanity affects appearance. The figure of a healthy man with a good hormonal background is narrow hips, a flat stomach, broad shoulders, and well-developed muscles.
What determines the level
Which organ produces testosterone? It is carried out by Leydig cells located in the testicles of a man, under the guidance of the pituitary gland, giving commands. This is where the main hormone production takes place.
5-12 mg are produced per day. But some more is the adrenal cortex. For a full cycle, it is necessary that each organ works without interruption.
Testosterone is essentially a protein that is formed from cholesterol. Leydig cells take it from the blood as a basis, a reaction occurs, after which two new molecules (androstenediol) combine to form testosterone.
A high level in men prevents the formation of cholesterol plaques. Why does the hormone change? It is known that it is modified even throughout the day. In the morning, much higher than in the evening.
The season also affects. It is especially high in the fall. A decrease of 1-2% annually, after 40, is considered normal and does not require treatment.
When testosterone is most produced:
- Time of day is important for hormone production. At night in a dream, the largest ejection occurs, which is confirmed by a morning erection.
- In the process of sports training and competition, "the air smelled of testosterone."
- Eating spicy food forces the body to release the hormone intensely.
- At the time of viewing erotic literature, talking with a beautiful woman (arousal), testosterone increases.
If you want to know the level without analysis, measure your waist.
- A volume of less than 94 cm indicates high.
- Up to 102 cm - medium.
- Above 102 is a low indicator. Fat disrupts the formation of testosterone, producing female estrogen.
After hormone production, 96-97% of it binds to blood plasma albumin, and beta globulins, entering the tissues, the rest is excreted from the body.
Being there, it becomes dihydrotestosterone (prostate, testicles). The one that did not get into them is converted by the liver, excreted with bile or urine.
Three main ways can be distinguished:
- The transformation of the hormone into an active form - dihydrotestosterone, under the influence of 5a reductase, which occurs in the organs of the reproductive system. (testicles, prostate, seminal vesicles). This form is 5 times more active.
- The change in male hormone to female is estrogen. Transformation occurs in adipose tissue, mammary gland, and brain. The need for this hormone is minimal. Excess leads to changes in the female type (increased abdomen, hips, decreased muscle mass).
- The weakening of the hormone, its breakdown into androsterone and etiohonalonol. These forms are well excreted, do not have androgenic activity.
Free testosterone is metabolized, it passes through the urinary system. Up to 80% of the hormone is processed by the liver, where metabolic processes take place.
The male body also produces female estrogen. Its amount is minimal, but plays a very important role in spermatogenesis.
They are formed from testosterone by Sertoli cells. If the level is exceeded, then external changes in the figure of a female type appear.
Symptoms and causes of the violation
A decrease in testosterone levels is primary when testicular function is impaired. Secondary - the pituitary gland malfunctions. Both species lead to pathological changes in the body of men.
A low level is manifested by such symptoms:
- Change of muscle mass to fat, or its decrease.
- Pain in the skeletal system, tendency to fractures.
- Mental disorders, memory problems, insomnia.
- Decreased libido, worsening erection.
- The hair becomes less frequent (head, chest).
- Obesity of varying degrees.
The appearance of such symptoms should alert men. To improve the condition, it is necessary to change the lifestyle. Many problems can go away without medical intervention.
What contributes to a decrease in testosterone:
- Improper nutrition (fast food, fatty, spicy foods).
- Bad habits (alcohol, smoking, drugs).
- Sexually transmitted diseases, promiscuous sexual intercourse.
- Inadequate sleep in workaholics.
- Nervous work, stress.
- Sedentary lifestyle, no physical activity.
- Lack of sexual relations.
- Injuries, genital surgery.
- Harmful working conditions, poor environmental conditions.
A proper diet is essential in order to produce the right testosterone. Products contain minerals and vitamins, everything you need.
All foods are divided into the right and the bad. Having abandoned the latter, you can improve the hormonal background.
- Fast foods, provisions with preservatives, chemical additives. You need to eat only natural food.
- Caffeine is harmful to men; it converts testosterone to estrogen (especially soluble). Green tea is more beneficial.
- Soya carries damage to the immune system, reducing hormone production (scientifically proven).
- Refuse sweet (replace honey), limit salt.
- You can not drink carbonated drinks. They contain sugar and carbon dioxide, which poisons our body.
- Artificially smoked products. Liquid smoke is poison for the genital area.
- Vegetable oil, in addition to olive oil, mayonnaise, contains harmful polyunsaturated fatty acids.
What should be in the diet:
- Very useful seafood. Various fish, shrimp.
- Carbohydrates in the form of cereals (buckwheat, oatmeal).
- All vegetables, especially cabbage (cauliflower, broccoli).
- Nuts, pumpkin seed oil and seeds.
- Proteins (eggs, meat).
Mineral complexes having zinc and selenium are useful for men. Without these minerals, testosterone production is disrupted.
Food should be high-calorie, but you can not overeat. Extra pounds, without exercise and physical activity can become fatty tissue, and not muscle.
Sports nutrition and bodybuilding are inseparable concepts. To build volumes, many resort to special foods, which help build muscle.
Among them are testosterone boosters that help stimulate the natural hormone. There are anabolic drugs that have many contraindications. They must be taken very carefully so as not to harm.
Extra pounds - an indicator of low testosterone. If there are problems with kg, this indicates a decrease in hormone levels. Adipose tissue transforms male to female.
Signs appear - an increase in the abdomen, chest glands. Muscular - replaced by fatty. The hormone balance is disturbed. This leads to various ailments. Coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes, hypertension.
To correct the situation you need to reduce weight. This can be done with the help of diet and physical activity. Sometimes hormone therapy is used.
Visually determine the low homon really by the waist. A volume above 95 cm should alert the man and make him act.
A sedentary lifestyle is harmful to any person. Physiology requires a change of activity for normal health. Daily training, running, exercise (jumping, squatting) raise testosterone levels.
Having received a charge of vivacity, the body works with a vengeance. Classes on simulators, swimming, group games (football, basketball), skiing, ice skating - all this will bring moral, physical satisfaction, temper the body, normalize hormonal levels.
If it is not possible to engage in simulators, morning jogging will give energy for a day. The load should charge, not exhaust. Make it a pleasure. How much you need to run the body will show itself.
For the form you need:
- Follow the food routine.
- Do sport.
- Keep away from stress.
- Observe sleep and rest.
- Eliminate bad habits.
- Get rid of excess weight.
- Have sex regularly.
Following simple rules, you can look at 100%. Subscribe to the site. Ahead is a lot of interesting and useful information. Read new articles.
Where is testosterone produced, what does it depend on and what affects its level in men
Testosterone is an anabolic steroid, the main male sex hormone.
It plays an important role in the development of reproductive organs, such as the testes and prostate gland, testosterone promotes the development of secondary sexual characteristics in men, increases muscle mass, and causes hair growth on the body in characteristic places. What affects the production of testosterone, you need to clearly know in order to control these factors. This will ultimately ensure a man’s health and well-being.
Where and how is the synthesis
Testosterone is a substance that naturally produces the human body. On average, men form from 6 to 8 milligrams per day. The female body is also capable of producing hormone. Although the chemical nature of testosterone is identical in both sexes, levels are different - in women this figure is 12 times less.
Where testosterone is produced is indicated below:
- Testicles (> 95% of the total).
- Seed plants.
- Adrenal cortex.
The female body produces testosterone with the help of the ovaries and the placenta, which forms during pregnancy.
The entire biosynthesis process is regulated by the endocrine system through the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The role of the hypothalamus is the production of statins and liberins, which, acting on the pituitary gland, regulate the formation of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones in it. The pituitary products, in turn, will affect the functioning of the endocrine organs, that is, the testicles.
Between all the above endocrine organs, a clear interaction is established.
There is a so-called feedback principle. When the male testosterone level is low, the hypothalamus will begin to produce substances that activate the synthetic function in the pituitary gland, whose products will subsequently affect the testes.
How biosynthesis is affected by the external environment and lifestyle
The production of testosterone in men depends not only on how healthy the body is, it is more influenced by numerous external factors, it is even difficult to calculate how many of them. Among all others, it is worth highlighting the main points:
Alcohol intake reduces testosterone production.
- Alcohol consumption, smoking and drugs.
Alcohol is one of the main causes of low testosterone. And this is another good reason to stay away from this addiction. Researchers have found that alcohol inhibits the secretion of testosterone in the testes and other organs.
And long-term use of alcohol can lead to irreversible damage, the body simply will not be able to produce the amount of androgen that is necessary for the normal functioning of the body. But this does not mean that you need to completely abandon alcohol.
For example, soft drinks such as wine have virtually no effect on testosterone levels if not overused.
- The use of synthetic steroids by athletes.
Anabolics are very harmful to use, it is better to completely abandon them. When a person injects this poison in order to gain muscle mass, the production of endogenous testosterone is inhibited by the principle of negative feedback at the level of the pituitary and hypothalamus. Accordingly, when an athlete stops administering a steroid, the opposite effect and corresponding problems are observed.
Even if you lead a completely healthy lifestyle, there is a chance to encounter a problem in the functioning of the endocrine organs - this is possible in the absence of proper rest after hard working days. Every day, the body should receive 7-8 hours of sleep or more. It is useful to spend a lot of time outdoors, especially in the summer season. Walking at least once a day should be a habit.
Zinc is a very important mineral for the production of testosterone. Its deficiency alone can already lead to low levels of androgen in the blood. Adverse effects are deficiency of magnesium, vitamin K, A and D.
Deficiency of certain vitamins and minerals can adversely affect testosterone production.
Conducted scientific studies have shown that in men losing a couple of extra pounds, the production of steroid increases. Testosterone is produced significantly less in obese people, that is, the opposite effect is observed. So, a strong sex must follow its figure, which will protect men from unnecessary health problems.
There is no convincing evidence in favor of masturbation or harm to the synthesis of biologically active substances.
Although the Internet can often read stories about people who engage in self-satisfaction too often, and when they leave this habit, the beard and body hair begin to grow at a faster pace.
Testosterone is produced more under such conditions, which means that secondary sexual characteristics are more pronounced.
- Short climbs in the presence of attractive ladies.
According to research, testosterone in men, although temporarily, begins to stand out more than usual when there is a beautiful woman nearby. This is a natural process, a kind of male instinct, the ultimate goal of which is the mating and multiplication of offspring. But if the desired woman will always be nearby, then the increased production of the steroid will not be so short-lived.
- Injuries and diseases of the testicles.
Damaged Leydig cells of the testicles lose their functional activity, the amount of testosterone produced in men is significantly reduced. Any inflammatory or other diseases of the genital organs must be promptly diagnosed and treated.
Testicular damage can lead to a significant decrease in testosterone production.
This is one of the few factors that a man cannot control. During puberty, the hormone levels in the blood reach maximum figures.
This also has phenotypic manifestations: in boys, body hair begins to grow more intensively, the voice changes, thyroid cartilage grows, etc. But over time, the hormone is produced less and less.
From the age of 30, production begins to decline, a decrease is observed until death.
Everyone has long noticed that it is much more difficult for men with a lean physique to gain muscle mass. Depending on what genetic material was inherited from the parents, the steroid will be produced in an appropriate amount.
Natural Ways to Stay Healthy
Loss of muscle mass, fatigue, weight gain, depression, difficulty concentrating, low libido, high blood lipids, inability to show sexual activity in a timely manner are just a few of the symptoms that are observed when testosterone is produced less than is necessary to maintain physiological functions body. In order to prevent such problems, each man must adhere to certain rules when planning his lifestyle:
- Normalization of sleep (at least 7-8 hours a day).
- Healthy eating It is useful to include seafood (crabs, herring, oysters), vegetable components (spinach, herbs, beets) in the diet.
- Abstinence from smoking and alcohol.
- The fight against obesity.
- Physical education.
- Normalization of the water balance (you need to drink water as much as you want, and not 1.5-2 liters per day, as you can often hear).
As the above list shows, there is nothing complicated. This is a simple truth that any sane person must be aware of in order to maintain metabolic processes in a normal state. Take care of yourself and be healthy!
5 methods to increase your own testosterone levels
Slauta Alexander - Specialist in sports nutrition and trainer of the gym.
All articles of the author>
Testosterone is the main male sex hormone that is androgen. Secreted by the seminal glands in men and ovaries in women. The adrenal cortex also synthesizes testosterone in both sexes. Testosterone is involved in the formation of male genital organs. The level and secretion of this hormone is regulated by the pituitary gland.
We are interested in this hormone now, in that the higher its level in the athlete’s blood, the higher the athlete’s:
- Power indicators
- Muscle mass,
- A lower percentage of body fat.
Therefore, many anabolic steroids, which are derivatives of testosterone, are used in bodybuilding quite widely and at different stages of preparation (drying, weight gain, etc.).
But we are not talking about synthetic hormone, but about our own (endogenous). The goal of anyone familiar with power sports and fitness is to maintain a high level of endogenous testosterone. So, below will be listed methods to increase your own testosterone levels.
1. Normalization of nutrition
In order to start the complex process of hormone production, the body needs a lot of substances. You must observe the normal intake of substances into the body, such as:
Fats. The source of cholesterol is fats. And cholesterol is involved in the formation of testosterone.
So you need to pay attention not only to protein, as the main building component for muscles and hormones, but also to fats and carbohydrates. Moreover, it is advisable to consume polyunsaturated fats (seafood).
And of carbohydrates, there are better ones that have a low glycemic index. That is, limit yourself to confectionery and pastries.
Minerals The building material for the structure of the hormone testosterone is zinc. It is the intake of this mineral that should be controlled and not allowed to lack. Zinc is found in seafood, nuts. Also important components are magnesium, calcium and selenium. They are also involved in the synthesis of testosterone.
Vitamins For the biosynthesis of male hormone, the most important and key role is played by vitamins of groups B, C, E, F (polyunsaturated fats). Vitamin E protects testosterone molecules from decay. All other vitamins are included in the structural synthesis of the hormone.
Water. Consume a normal amount of water, and the water should be clean and non-carbonated. The fact is that acids that are contained in sparkling water provoke the removal of calcium from the body. The norm of water for a person per day is at least 2 liters.
2. Normalization of weight
If you are overweight in the form of body fat, then you should normalize your diet by reducing calories consumed and improving the quality of foods consumed.
Excess body fat contributes to a decrease in testosterone due to the conversion of testosterone into estrogen (female sex hormone) in adipose tissue.
Therefore, when you see a complete man, his physique is folded according to the female type.
Men have always been stronger than women, therefore, systematic exercises in the gym, especially in the power style, can stimulate the production of testosterone, as well as growth hormone. Both of these hormones are anabolic. Therefore, classes in the hall will contribute to a set of muscle mass and a decrease in subcutaneous fat.
When planning your workouts, you should focus on large muscles, such as: legs, chest, back.
It is the performance of basic exercises (squats with a barbell, bench press, deadlift, various traction) that can increase the level of your main anabolic hormones in the blood, including testosterone.
Exercising on muscle groups such as the abs, biceps and triceps will not stimulate your hormonal system.
4. Do not have bad habits
Alcohol adversely affects testosterone. He is able to convert it to estrogen. In addition to the male hormone, alcohol negatively affects the entire body. However, the use of red wine is acceptable, one or two glasses a week. This will not affect your endogenous testosterone production. Everything needs a measure.
5. Avoid stress
Under the influence of stress, the hormone cortisol is produced in the body. This is a catabolic hormone, it reduces the production of testosterone. Therefore, normalize your sleep, sleep at least 7-8 hours a day. Watch the duration of the workout, because if it is too long, you risk driving yourself into a catabolic pit. Do not allow a feeling of hunger.
If you follow the above recommendations and methods, then you can not only increase your testosterone level (by about 20% - 40%), but you can also step beyond the norm and progress in building muscle mass. It is also easy to lead an active lifestyle and feel healthy and full of energy. Good luck and anabolism to all!
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Endogenous testosterone and its effect on muscle hypertrophy
znatok_ne (znatok_ne) wrote, 2015-05-01 21:12:00 znatok_ne znatok_ne 2015-05-01 21:12:00 Categories: Endogenous testosterone and its effect on muscle hypertrophyPosted by Hushpar | originalHormone of winners and kings, hormone of happiness, love and youth. As soon as everyone didn’t call their favorite testosterone. The hormone, which is the most important male sex hormone. And, not surprisingly, it occupies not the last place in sports, especially in all of our beloved bodybuilding.
Testosterone is, as it seems to me, the winner in terms of the number of properties endowed by people. From him and the rods fly around the hall and run faster, but perhaps only a person living in a tank does not know about its effect on muscle growth. I would like to talk about this property.
Brief conclusions from the article:- Testosterone in its endogenous counts has no effect on muscle growth. It already works after creating new structures, working on the characteristic receptors.
- - Physiological dosages of this hormone are a prerequisite for the existence of muscle cells.
- - The more meat - the more characteristic testosterone receptors, and the more the body produces it for the constant renewal of proteins.
- - There is absolutely no sense in the pursuit of leaching hormones into the blood.
- - There is not a single growth mechanism that would depend on testosterone concentrations.
- - The use of test boosters to increase testosterone production for MM growth is also meaningless.
- - The hormonal system should be normal, if so, then there is no point in worrying.
- The increased concentration of testosterone is not a consequence of an increase in production as a whole, but only a single-shot “injection”. As you can see above, as far as raised, it fell.
- The more “meat” worked out during the training, the more testosterone worked out on the characteristic receptors. That is why the day before the test is not recommended to train.
To this day, there is a myth about the supposedly increased hormonal background after strength training. If a beginner approaches any experienced coach with a question what exercises to do, he will hear instructions for performing basic exercises.
Why? And because all these trainers, and not only, believe that basic exercises spur the production of endogenous anabolic hormones and they give tangible muscle growth. Did they see blood samples before / after training? How did they measure the effect? I don’t think it came to this.
But where did they get such information? Apparently from the old Brooks Cube. But if you ask him the same questions, then the answer will be the same. Then try to figure it out for yourself.
Here is what AlexMarkowski, for example, says in his book Bodybuilding Made Simple:
“Does testosterone and growth hormone levels increase in response to exercise?
In my textbook, I wrote that heavy multi-joint exercises, such as deadlifts and squats, can lead to the release of increased amounts of testosterone and growth hormone into the blood. In reality, this is true, but this effect is actually very insignificant in itself and lasts a little over a minute in time.
- I have to specifically clarify this, because as I look, some enthusiastic youths took this information with excessive enthusiasm, probably believing that the hormonal background increases every 10 times and this effect lasts for hours.
- This is far from the case.
- The question is - why then do I have to mention this, since the effect is so insignificant?
I will answer.This was specially done for fanatics, who quite seriously believe that in order to achieve maximum results, you need to count every gram and milligram of everything and everything, and even more so - of such an important component as the level of testosterone!
Well, for those who are really interested in a serious release of the hormone testosterone into the blood, I can advise one thing - go to bed. It is during sleep that the body releases the maximum levels of this hormone, which reach their peak in the morning, immediately after waking up. ”
Move on. Japanese scientists conducted a study, "Hormone and Recovery Responses to Resistance Exercise with Slow Movement," published in The Journal of Physiological Sciences in 2008.
The aim of the study was to study hormonal surges and their effect on muscle recovery.We studied the effect of 3 different training protocols: HN, LN, LS. Athletes trained quadriceps:
HN -80% of 1RM (classic silovukha for 5 repetitions).
40% -1RM for LS and LN, but LN is a high-speed rise. LS - 3 sec up, 3 down.
The graphs clearly show that the dough both rose and fell. And the use of classical strength training, which is used by most visitors to the gym, showed the opposite effect: the level of testosterone decreased. So much for the squat.
All in the same Japan, scientists conducted another study, Blood ﬂ ow restriction during low-intensity resistance exercise increases S6K1 phosphorylation and muscle protein synthesis. We studied the effect of low-intensity exercises under hypoxia (pulled by a tourniquet, KAATSU).
Two types: REFR - KAATSU, CTRL– without blocking blood flow. What do we see? There were no significant changes in testosterone production, even with blocked blood flow, when GH whips, to say the least.
In another work, Acute effects of different intensities of weight lifting on serum testosterone, we studied the behavior of testosterone in weightlifters.
Two protocols for doing squats:
1. MWL - 90-95% 6RM for 6 reps in 4 sets.
2. LWL- 60-65% of the weight used in the MWL group, for 4 sets in 9-10 repetitions.
"There was a significant increase in serum testosterone concentrations following the fourth set for both MWL and LWL when compared with baseline concentrations and both MWL and LWL testosterone concentrations returned to baseline levels at 10 min postexercise"
An increase in testosterone compared to the training level, but after 10 minutes there is no sign of bursts.
"These results indicate that MWL and LWL caused increases in serum testosterone that were greater than those associated with baseline levels. Postexercise responses for the MWL and LWL were similar. ”
The results show spikes in testosterone concentration, but the post-training drop was identical.
Emissions are also confirmed in Hormonal Responses to Resistance Exercise Variable by Luis M. Alvidrez and Len Kravitz, Ph.D. IDEA Fitness Journal, 2008, 5 (3), 23-25.HORMONAL FUNCTION IN WEIGHT TRAINING: FINAL CONSIDERATIONS
It was proved that weight training produces noticeable hormonal changes in the body immediately after exercise.
These hormonal changes play a leading role not only in immediate muscle growth, but also in the long-term development of strength and hypertrophy. Training protocols using multi-joint basic exercises with a high training volume with medium to high intensity allow maximum hormonal changes to be achieved for optimal muscle growth (Kraemeretal., 2005).
Bursts are recorded in the work, but a conclusion is drawn about the effect on growth for no reason. We need to study the matter more deeply. Digging!
As for the girls, their features were studied in the work “Alteration of testosterone: cortisol ratio induced by resistance training in women”.
“Our data support the idea of the importance of properly controlling the acute variables associated with the“ recipes ”for resistive training. We believe that it is important to establish which of the training protocols represents the potential for enhancing positive adaptation without creating “harmful conditions”. The decrease in the T: C coefficient after training, at the end of the study, indicates that the “resistive” method of training is an intensive stimulus for the body. However, evidence of the restoration of the T: C ratio tells us that during the rest period, after eight weeks of training, a super-compensation mechanism arises. Based on this result, we were convinced that the MS method, at the end of eight weeks, seems to give us favorable hormonal conditions for protein synthesis during the rest period. ”There is a very interesting article, “TUT and short rest periods are broscience”, published in MD.
It, among other things, affects the effect of a surge of hormones on muscle hypertrophy.
"Researchers at the Exercise Metabolism Group at McMaster University recently reported that muscle hypertrophy took place without acute increases in anabolic hormone concentration." Muscle hypertrophy occurred without noticeable release of anabolic hormones. 10 men trained for 8 weeks for 3 days a week. Unilateral resistance training c 80-90% 1RM. Samples of blood training were collected 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after. "Acutely, no changes in GH, testosterone or IGF-1 concentrations were observed in the 90-minute period following exercise and there was no influence of training on the anabolic hormones measured. GH did show a moderate increase 30 minutes post-exercise, but returned to baseline values by 90 minutes »No hormonal changes within 90 minutes after training. Only GR increased by 30 minutes, but returned to its original level by 90. "The moral of the story ... don’t get so caught up in the acute anabolic hormone response that you limit your poundage"
The moral of the fable is this ... do not let yourself limit the tonnage due to hormonal surges.
Not hormonal bursts are important, but tonnage! So says Dr. Goldberg.
The article constantly flashes the name of the doctor. It seemed to me that I had met his work somewhere. Dripped. And stumbled in his files on the work "Is Muscle Tension And Time Under Tension Critical For Muscle Hypertrophy?":
“Is Muscle Tension More Important Than Acute Anabolic Hormones?
Increases in muscle size have largely been attributed to two factors: the mechanical load (tension on muscle) and the growth factor environment that the muscle experiences (external hormones such as testosterone and GH). Dr.
Goldberg, who works at the University of London, has spent much of his academic career studying how muscles grow. Dr.
Goldberg realized early in his career that if you took a rat and induced tension overload by putting a muscle on stretch